form10-k.htm



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K

 
 [X]           ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2014
 
[  ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
For the transition period from ________________ to ________________.
 
Commission file number 000-27239
 
TAPIMMUNE INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Nevada
88-0277072
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation of organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

1551 Eastlake Avenue East, Suite 100
Seattle, Washington
 
98102
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)
 
(206) 504-7278
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:  None
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
 
Common Stock, Par Value $0.001
(Title of class)
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
 
Yes [  ]  No [X]
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 of Section 15(d) of the Act.
 
Yes [  ]  No [X]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X]  No [  ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [X]  No [  ]
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [X]
 
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.
 
Large accelerated filer o                                                                                                           Accelerated filer o
 
Non-accelerated filer o (do not check if a smaller reporting company)                            Smaller reporting company T
 
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
 
Yes [  ]  No [X]
 
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant computed by reference to the price at which the registrant’s common equity was last sold, as of June 30, 2014 (the last day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was approximately $30,929,000.
 
The registrant had 32,638,810 shares of common stock outstanding as of April 10, 2015.
 


 
 

 

 
FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
This annual report contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may”, “will”, “should”, “expect”, “plan”, “intend”, “anticipate”, “believe”, “estimate”, “predict”, “potential” or “continue”, the negative of such terms or other comparable terminology. In evaluating these statements, you should consider various factors, including the assumptions, risks and uncertainties outlined in this annual report. Any of these items may cause our actual results to differ materially from any forward-looking statement made in this annual report. Forward-looking statements in this annual report include, among others, statements regarding our capital needs, business plans and expectations.
 
While these forward-looking statements, and any assumptions upon which they are based, are made in good faith and reflect our current judgment regarding future events, our actual results will likely vary, sometimes materially, from any estimates, predictions, projections, assumptions or other future performance suggested herein. Some of the risks and assumptions include:
 
 
·
our need for additional financing;
 
 
·
our limited operating history;
 
 
·
our history of operating losses;
 
 
·
our lack of insurance coverage;
 
 
·
the competitive environment in which we operate;
 
 
·
changes in governmental regulation and administrative practices;
 
 
·
our dependence on key personnel;
 
 
·
conflicts of interest of our directors and officers;
 
 
·
our ability to fully implement our business plan;
 
 
·
our ability to effectively manage our growth; and
 
 
·
other regulatory, legislative and judicial developments.
 
We advise the reader that these cautionary remarks expressly qualify in their entirety all forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf. The forward-looking statements in this annual report are made as of the date of this annual report and we do not intend or undertake to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform these statements to actual results, except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States.
 
AVAILABLE INFORMATION
 
TapImmune Inc. files annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). You may read and copy documents referred to in this Annual Report on Form 10-K that have been filed with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room, 450 Fifth Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. You may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. You can also obtain copies of our SEC filings by going to the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov.
 
REFERENCES
 
As used in this annual report: (i) the terms “we”, “us”, “our”, “TapImmune” and the “Company” mean TapImmune Inc.; (ii) “SEC” refers to the Securities and Exchange Commission; (iii) “Securities Act” refers to the United States Securities Act of 1933, as amended; (iv) “Exchange Act” refers to the United States Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and (v) all dollar amounts refer to United States dollars unless otherwise indicated.


 
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
ITEM 1.
3
 
ITEM 1A.
10
 
ITEM 1B.
10
ITEM 2.
10
 
ITEM 3.
10
 
ITEM 4.
11
 
ITEM 5.
12
 
ITEM 6.
13
 
ITEM 7.
13
 
ITEM 7A.
19
 
ITEM 8.
20
 
ITEM 9.
21
 
ITEM 9A.
21
 
ITEM 9B.
22
 
ITEM 10.
22
 
ITEM 11.
25
 
ITEM 12.
26
 
ITEM 13.
28
 
ITEM 14.
28
 
ITEM 15.
29
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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PART I
 
ITEM 1.BUSINESS
 
Company Overview
 
Our Cancer Vaccines
 
TapImmune is a biotechnology Company focusing on immunotherapy specializing in the development of innovative peptide and gene-based immunotherapeutics and vaccines for the treatment of cancer and infectious disease. The Company combines a set of proprietary technologies to improve the ability of the cellular immune system to destroy diseased cells. These are peptide antigen technologies and DNA expression technologies, Polystart™ and TAP.
 
To enhance shareholder value and taking into account development timelines, the Company plans to focus on advancing its clinical programs including our HER2/neu peptide antigen program and our Folate Alpha breast and ovarian trials into Phase II. In parallel, we plan to complete the preclinical development of our Polystart™ technology and to continue to develop the TAP-based franchise as an integral component of our prime-and-boost vaccine methodology.
 
Unlike other vaccine technologies that narrowly address the initiation of an immune response, TapImmune's ("Prime" and "Boost") approach broadly stimulates the cellular immune system by enhancing the function of killer T-cells and helper T-cells. Our peptide immunotherapeutic approach may be coupled with our recently developed in-house Polystart™ nucleic acid-based technology designed to enhance T-cell antigen presentation on the surface of appropriate populations of presenting cells. Our Polystart™ technology directs the translation and subsequent endogenous natural processing of antigenic T-cell epitopes contained within a poly-antigen array(s) at four times the level of conventional comparator systems, thereby providing a greater signal/propensity to attract and directly interact with a patient’s T-cells. Accordingly, elevated levels of target specific cell surface presented T-cell antigen(s) are correspondingly expected to more effectively engage, activate and expand antigen specific killer T-cell population(s) that can then seek out and destroy target cells (e.g., cancer cells). Moreover, our versatile Polystart™ technology is designed to express either Class I killer or Class II helper T-cell antigenic epitopes. Our nucleic acid-based systems can also incorporate “TAP” which stands for Transporter associated with Antigen Presentation.
 
We are currently focusing on the clinical development and testing of our product candidates. In this regard, we have two Phase I studies being concluded at the Mayo Clinic (Rochester, MN) which are designed to evaluate the safety and immune response(s) of a set of proprietary HER2/neu antigens for a HER2/neu breast cancer vaccine and Folate Receptor Alpha for triple negative breast and ovarian cancer respectively. TapImmune has the exclusive option to license each of these technologies upon the completion of each Phase I. In addition, we plan to initiate Phase II studies in 2015. The first of which will likely include the novel folate alpha antigens in a Phase II study, providing a vaccine for triple negative breast cancer that can stimulate a  T-cell response. The unmet demand for a promising therapeutic in this indication, we believe, will allow us to proceed with an orphan drug and FDA fast track applications pending discussion and approval from the FDA. The second Phase II trial is expected to include our HER2/neu epitopes and will likely focus on Her2 positive breast cancer. Interim data from both phase I trials has provided the  technical rational for progressing these programs to phase II trials.
 
The Company plans to incorporate the pre-clinical development of Polystart™ as a boost strategy for HER2/neu breast cancer, colorectal cancer, ovarian cancer and triple negative breast cancer.
 
The current standard therapies for cancer treatment include surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. However, we believe that these treatments are not precise in targeting only cancerous cells and often fail to remove or destroy all of the cancer. The remaining cancer cells may then grow into new tumors, which can be resistant to further chemotherapy or radiation, which may result in death. In the United States, deaths from cancer are second only to cardiovascular deaths. Our candidate breast cancer, colorectal cancer and ovarian cancer immunotherapeutic vaccines are being developed for use in this setting as an adjuvant treatment to prevent recurrent disease.
 
Management strongly believes that the comprehensive scientific underpinnings of our overall approach, to elicit the production of both helper T- cells and killer T- cells, will provide the Company with highly competitive product candidates for the treatment of HER2/neu positive breast cancer, colorectal cancer, ovarian cancer and triple negative breast cancer.

 
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Our Infectious Disease Program
 
Regarding our programs for the development of vaccines aimed at viral pandemics/biodefense, our collaborations with the Mayo Clinic progressed to a point where the immunogenicity of novel smallpox antigens in mice treated with both antigens and TAP expression vectors was shown to be encouraging. However, due the resources required to complete primate studies and the focusing of our current resources in the oncology field, we have decided not to dedicate resources to develop a smallpox product. We plan to pursue non-dilutive grant funding for these programs in collaboration with other interested vaccine developers and strategic corporate partnerships. The use of non-dilutive grant funding to progress this area allows the Company to focus the majority of its internal resources on HER2/neu breast, ovarian and triple negative cancers.
 
General
 
The facilities at 1551 Eastlake Avenue, Seattle have exceeded our expectations and allowed us to continue to recruit top-class scientific staff while at the same time effectively leverage world-class resources made available to us and manage our cash flow. Our technical staff has proven experience and relevant expertise in the areas of molecular biology, cellular biology and immunology/oncology. Our small core team has allowed us to establish in-house technical expertise in molecular biology (expression vector development) and immunology to underpin our current and future development projects, and to optimally work with external collaborators/oncologists. It has also allowed us to make significant progress in the refinement and focus of clinical programs to take advantage of new antigens, the emerging field of vaccinomics and vaccine development strategies. In addition, it has allowed us to start generating new intellectual property (IP), adding to our core TAP IP and antigen specific IP from the Mayo Clinic for which we have either licensed outright or have exclusive options to license.
 
Over the past two quarters, we have, in a challenging financing climate, raised sufficient working capital to fund and progress our operations and significantly restructured our balance sheet and capital structure. We believe that we continue to make good progress with the resources available to us. With the start of clinical programs and our focus on securing non-dilutive financing from a number of sources, management is confident that our current pathway will secure longer term capital to finance and accelerate our activities. The strength of our science and development approaches is becoming more widely appreciated, particularly as our clinical program generates data and as we embrace additional collaborations with leading institutions and corporations.
 
While the pathway to successful product development takes time and significant resources, we believe that we have put in place the technical and corporate fundamentals for success. The strength of our product pipeline gives us a unique opportunity to make a major contribution to global health care.
 
Company History
 
We currently trade on the OTC Bulletin Board (“OTCQX”) under the symbol “TPIV” and on the Frankfurt and Berlin Stock Exchanges under the symbol “GX1A.”  The listing on the Berlin Stock Exchange was done without the Company’s knowledge and consent.
 
We were incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada in 1991. We have one wholly owned subsidiary named GeneMax Pharmaceuticals Inc. (“GeneMax Pharmaceuticals”).
 
The Immunotherapy Industry for Cancer
 
Management believes that there is a critical need for more effective cancer therapies. Given the massive unmet need in the treatment of metastatic cancer combined with our process for harnessing the body’s own immune system to treat certain cancers, we believe that we are positioned to be a leading contributor to solving this problem. The immuno-oncology landscape includes the use of monoclonal antibodies, adoptive T-cell therapies, checkpoint inhibitors and in vivo T-cell vaccines.  We believe that our use of peptide antigens that can stimulate both T-killer cells and T-helper cells together with the use of our PolyStart™ expression vector as a “boost” strategy can give us a competitive edge in the in vivo T-cell vaccine sector.
 
In addition, we continue to pursue the development of an approach which can allow the cellular immune system to make tumor cells more visible to the immune system. Many cancers are not very “immunogenic”, however, meaning that the cancers are not able to induce an immune response because they no longer express sufficient levels of key proteins on their cell surface, known as Major Histocompatability Class I or MHC Class I proteins. In healthy cells, these proteins provide the information to the immune system that defines whether the cell is healthy or, in the case of cancer or viral infection, abnormal. If the MHC Class I proteins signal that the cells are abnormal, then the immune system’s T-cells are activated to attack and kill the infected or malignant cell.

 
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In many solid cancer tumors, the TAP protein system does not function and, therefore, the immune system is not stimulated to attack the cancer. Management believes that although a number of cancer therapies have been developed that stimulate the immune system, these approaches have often proven ineffective because the cancers remain invisible to the immune system due to this apparent lack of or low expression of the TAP protein.
 
By restoring TAP expression to TAP-deficient cells, the MHC Class I protein peptide complexes could signal the immune system to attack the cancer. A strategic vision of TapImmune is to restore the TAP function within cancerous cells, thus making them immunogenic, or more “visible” to cancer fighting immune cells. Management believes that with further development and improvement of selectivity, this cancer vaccine strategy could provide a commercially viable therapeutic approach that addresses this problem of “non-immunogenicity” of cancer.
 
In addition to our focus on the cancer vaccines, with adequate funding, we will also pursue the development of prophylactic vaccines against infectious microbes by partnering with other vaccine developers in the infectious disease market.
 
TapImmune’s Target Market and Strategy
 
We will focus our product development in oncology, both, alone and with corporate partners and/or collaborators including the Mayo Clinic for HER2/neu positive Breast Cancer, Folate Alpha Ovarian and Breast Cancer. The diversity of cancer types and their overall prevalence create a large need for new and improved treatments. Management believes that there is a significant market opportunity for a cancer treatment that utilizes the highly specific defense mechanisms of the immune system to attack cancers. The goal of TapImmune management is to ultimately have the FDA approve our cancer vaccines so that we can secure a portion of this market.
 
Management also believes that our Polystart™ expression vector approach will provide a flexible and unique platform for the creation of new vaccines that can rapidly respond to emerging viral threats/bioterrorism in addition to enhancing the efficacy of current vaccines in the treatment of infectious disease. If successful, this platform technology would be a significant advance in vaccine development and it will be a key business development strategy to pursue additional partnerships and joint research and/or development ventures with vaccine manufacturers and pharmaceutical companies to bring new and improved vaccines to market. In addition to a broad range of oncological treatments, this strategy includes the development of vaccines for pandemic diseases and for bioterrorism threats. Management believes that our adjuvant will increase the potency of many of the currently available vaccines and lead to the creation of better, more effective new vaccines, thereby allowing us to participate in this large market through novel new products and in combination with existing vaccines.
 
Our business strategy in cancer is to take products through Phase II clinical trials and then partner with pharmaceutical marketing organizations ahead of Phase III trials. In the infectious disease/biodefense area our business strategy is to seek joint research and development partnerships on our infectious disease platform with companies seeking to expand their product portfolios.
 
The global market for infectious disease based vaccines is dominated by five companies—Merck, GlaxoSmithKline, Sanofi Pasteur (the vaccines division of Sanofi SA), Pfizer Inc. and Novartis—with Pfizer, GlaxoSmithKline, Sanofi, and Novartis collectively accounting for approximately 74% of the market (Source: Transparency Market Research’s Global Vaccine Market Analysis and Forecast 2011-2016). This market is estimated at roughly $30 billion worldwide, with the U.S. contributing approximately $20 billion. Importantly, there still exist significant development opportunities in the global vaccine market, as there are more than 300 infectious diseases yet effective prophylactic therapies for only approximately 15% of these (Source: The Life Sciences Report’s “Vaccine Therapies Hold Promise for Investors: Stephen Dunn,” April 12, 2012). Management believes that ultimately our combined technology Platform(s) will have the potential to increase the potency of many of the currently available vaccines and lead to the creation of better, more effective new vaccines, thereby allowing us to participate in this large market through novel new products and in combination with existing vaccines.
 


 
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Research and Development Efforts
 
We direct our research and development efforts towards the advancement of immunotherapeutic and prophylactic vaccine products for the treatment of cancer and protection against pathogenic microbes respectively, using our combined proprietary technologies, (1) relevant killer plus helper T-cell peptide antigens, (2) Polystart™ nucleic acid-based expression system(s), and (3) TAP. We have focused our efforts initially on the development of a therapeutic vaccine for applications in cancer treatment, while concomitantly demonstrating the breadth of our combined technology platform for the development of prophylactic vaccines. Our product development efforts are opportunistically designed to consider combinations with approved and emerging products in both cancer therapeutics and prophylactic vaccines against microbes. This approach allows us to pursue our own internal product development while positioning us to enter into multiple partnerships and licensing agreements. We have made significant progress in the development of a nucleic acid-based (Co-linear Polystart™) technology which directs the enhanced synthesis of a linear peptide antigen array comprising multiple proprietary T-cell epitopes (CD4 and CD8). In addition, the technology also directs the synthesis of the protein TAP1 associated with the transport of MHC Class I epitopes to the surface of cells. The expression or functioning of this protein is often lowered in tumor cells or virally infected cells and its replacement can enhance antigen presentation. Recent work on this novel expression vector platform has demonstrated that T-cells recognize cell surface presented T-cell peptide epitopes confirming that multiple individual peptides are effectively and functional processed from a linear peptide antigen array and that this leads to peptide specific T-cell killing.
 
Products and Technology in Development
 
Clinical
 
For perspective, the Company notes that clinical trials to support new drug applications are typically conducted in three sequential phases, although the phases may overlap. During Phase I there is an initial introduction of the therapeutic candidate into healthy human subjects or patients. For an immunotherapeutic/vaccine in particular, Phase I studies are generally conducted in cancer patients that have previously received one or another current standard of care and include the measurement of cellular immune responses. Phase II usually involves studies in a more focused patient population in order to carefully assess clinical activity of the drug in specific targeted indications, dosage tolerance (i.e., dose escalation) and optimal dosage, while continuing to identify possible adverse effects and safety risks. If the therapeutic candidate is found to be potentially effective and to have an acceptable safety profile in Phase II evaluations, Phase III trials are undertaken to further demonstrate clinical efficacy and to further test for safety within an expanded patient population at geographically dispersed clinical trial sites.
 
Phase I Human Clinical Trials – HER2/neu+ Breast Cancer – Mayo Clinic
 
On June 1, 2010, we signed an exclusive licensing option agreement with the Mayo Clinic, Rochester MN for clinical development of a new HER2/neu breast cancer vaccine technology. An IND for Phase I human clinical trial on the HER2/neu cancer vaccine in collaboration with the Mayo Clinic was allowed by the FDA in July, 2011 and the Mayo IRB approved the trial on May 4, 2012. This trial is fully enrolled and closed, and patient dosing has been completed. All patients have received the Company’s vaccine composition, and interim safety analysis on the first six patients is complete and shown to be safe. In addition, each of the first six patients treated, developed specific T-cell immune responses to the antigens in the vaccine composition providing a solid case for advancement to Phase II in 2015. An additional secondary endpoint incorporated into this Phase I Trial will be a two year follow on recording time to disease recurrence in the participating breast cancer patients. The assessment of vaccine safety (primary endpoint) and evaluation of immunogenicity (secondary endpoint) for this trial are currently scheduled for review and determination of progression into Phase II, in 2015. Patients enrolled in the Phase I study will be followed for up to two years after completion of trials.
 
For Phase I(b)/II studies, we plan to add a Class I peptide, licensed from the Mayo Clinic (April 16, 2012), to the four Class II peptides. Management believes that the combination of Class I and Class II HER2/neu antigens, gives us the leading HER2/neu vaccine platform. Therefore a key goal in 2015 is to progress the HER2/neu vaccine towards the above mentioned Phase 1(b)/II Clinical Trial.
 
Phase I Human Clinical Trials – Folate Alpha Breast and Ovarian Cancer – Mayo Clinic
 
On March 19, 2014, the Company announced the signing of an exclusive option agreement for a set of unique peptide epitopes targeting Folate Receptor Alpha in both breast cancer and ovarian cancer.

 
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Folate Receptor Alpha is expressed in over 80% of breast cancers and in addition, over 95% of ovarian cancers, for which the only treatment options are surgery and chemotherapy, leaving a very important and urgent clinical need for a new therapeutic. Time to recurrence is relatively short for this type of cancer and survival prognosis is extremely poor after recurrence. In the United States alone, there are approximately 30,000 ovarian cancer patients and 40,000 triple negative breast cancer patients newly diagnosed every year.
 
A 24 patient Phase I clinical trial is currently underway. The trial is fully enrolled and closed, and will be evaluated for Phase II advancement in 2015 when all Phase I data has been evaluated.
 
No serious adverse events have occurred to date and 20 out of 21 evaluable patients showed positive immune responses providing a strong rationale rational for progressing to phase 2 trials. More information can be seen at:
 
http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01606241?term=folate+receptor+alpha&rank=1
 
Preclinical
 
Polystart™
 
TapImmune is initiating the development of a nucleic acid-based expression system that can be aligned as a prime and boost strategy with our peptide-based vaccine compositions. The nucleic acid-based platform may also represent a second stand-alone vaccine technology. The nucleic acid–based technology is termed “Polystart™. The Company’s Polystart™ technology was invented in-house and is therefore not subject to any licensing fees or downstream royalty payments. The Polystart™ technology composition can be administered in the form of a plasmid DNA or incorporated into a viral delivery system (RNA or DNA). The Polystart™ technology comprises two portions, one supporting high level of expression and the other a T-cell peptide antigen array (“PAA”). The antigens making up the PAA are naturally processed inside a patient’s own cells where they are then presented on the cell surface visible for T-cell recognition, activation and expansion. We have confirmed that the Polystart™/PAA technology works in preclinical studies in context with a smallpox vaccine candidate. However, it is important to understand that this is a platform technology which can be adapted to essentially any T-cell peptide antigen targeted indication, including HER2/neu. The Polystart™ technology combined with our peptide-based technology is an ideal opportunity for developing an effective prime plus boost vaccination methodology. The Company has filed a U.S. Provisional Patent Application around the Polystart™ technology.
 
We plan to develop or out-license our technologies for the creation of enhanced anti-viral vaccines, such as for smallpox and other viral diseases. We anticipate that we will complete these studies with a strategic partner involved in the vaccine and Biodefense space. We intend to progress our infectious disease programs with non-dilutive grant funding as well and to expand the use of our TAP platform to emerging pathogens that could be either pandemic or bioterrorist threats.
 
Strategic Relationships

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
 
On May 26, 2010 we signed a Technology Option Agreement with the Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Rochester, MN, for the evaluation of HER2/neu peptide epitopes as antigens for a breast cancer vaccine. The agreement grants TapImmune an exclusive worldwide option to become the exclusive licensee of the technology after completion of Phase I clinical trials.
 
Following approval of the IND by the FDA in July, 2011, TapImmune and the Mayo Foundation executed a Sponsored Research Agreement for the clinical trial.
 
On May 4, 2012, Mayo IRB approval was confirmed and patient dosing started in August 2012. Interim safety analysis on the first five patients was completed successfully allowing continuation of the trial.
 
On July 24, 2010, we signed a Research and Technology License Option Agreement with the Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Rochester, MN, to evaluate novel smallpox peptide antigens. The Agreement grants TapImmune an exclusive worldwide option to become the exclusive licensee of the smallpox vaccine technology after research studies have been completed under the terms of the agreement. This project was completed in Q4, 2014 and while the project successfully  identified  several peptide antigens as the potential components for a new vaccine, TapImmune decided not to proceed into primate studies to devote resources to its oncology clinical programs..

 
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On April 16, 2012, we announced an Exclusive Agreement with the Mayo Foundation for Education & Research, Rochester, MN, to License a proprietary MHC Class I HER2/neu antigen technology. This antigen was discovered in the laboratory of Dr. Keith Knutson at the Mayo Clinic. In contrast to Class I antigens in clinical testing this novel antigen is naturally produced in the intracellular proteasome and presented to T-cells as the MHC Class I peptide complex. Scientific details of this new work was presented by Andrea Henle of Dr. Knutson’s lab at the Annual Meeting of The American Association of Immunologists held in Boston, MA, May 2012 and by Mark Reddish, Head of Development at TapImmune at the Third Annual Cancer Vaccines and Active Immunity Summit, Boston, MA, June 26, 2012. A peer-reviewed manuscript from the Knutson lab, which describes the science in detail, has been accepted for publication in Journal of Immunology.
 
Intellectual Property, Patents and Trademarks
 
Patents and other proprietary rights are vital to our business operations. We protect our technology through various United States and foreign patent filings, and maintain trade secrets that we own. Our policy is to seek appropriate patent protection both in the United States and abroad for its proprietary technologies and products. We require each of our employees, consultants and advisors to execute a confidentiality agreement upon the commencement of any employment, consulting or advisory relationship with us. Each agreement provides that all confidential information developed or made known to the individual during the course of the relationship will be kept confidential and not be disclosed to third parties except in specified circumstances. In the case of employees, the agreements provide that all inventions conceived of by an employee shall be our exclusive property.
 
Patent applications in the United States are maintained in secrecy until patents are issued. There can be no assurance that our patents, and any patents that may be issued to us in the future, will afford protection against competitors with similar technology. In addition, no assurances can be given that the patents issued to us will not be infringed upon or designed around by others or that others will not obtain patents that we would need to license or design around. If the courts uphold existing or future patents containing broad claims over technology used by us, the holders of such patents could require us to obtain licenses to use such technology.
 
TapImmune currently owns a number of issued and pending patents covering composition of matter and use of TAP and PolyStart.  In addition, a number of issued and pending patents cover the HER2/neu and Folate Receptor Alpha peptides in our Option to License or License Agreements from the Mayo Foundation for Education and Research.
 
Competition
 
Management believes that a number of companies, which are developing various types of similar in vivo T-cell immunotherapies and therapeutic cancer vaccines to treat cancer, could be our major competitors including:  Advaxis, Genzyme Molecular Oncology, Immune Design, Oncothyreon, Celldex, BN Immunotherapeutics, Immunocellular, Galena, Antigen Express,Transgene S.A., and Bavarian Nordic. Other immunotherapy approaches including adoptive T-cell therapies, monoclonal antibodies and checkpoint inhibitors also provide competition in the oncology space. In these areas competitors include, Lion Biotechnology, Juno, Kite, Roche, Merck, Bristol Myers Squibb, Astra Zeneca, Medimmune. We believe that our in vivo T-cell therapy approaches will be synergistic with these approaches and might even improve them.
 
Government Regulation

United States
 
The design, research, development, testing, manufacturing, labeling, promotion, marketing, advertising and distribution of drug products are extensively regulated by the FDA in the United States and similar regulatory bodies in other countries. The regulatory process is similar for a new drug application, or NDA. The steps ordinarily required before a new drug may be marketed in the United States, which are similar to steps required in most other countries, include: (i) pre-clinical laboratory tests, pre-clinical studies in animals, formulation studies and the submission to the FDA of an initial NDA; (ii) adequate and well-controlled clinical trials to establish the safety and effectiveness of the drug for each indication; (iii) the submission of the NDA to the FDA; and (iv) review by an FDA advisory committee and approval by the FDA.

 
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Pre-clinical tests include laboratory evaluation of product chemistry, preparation of consistent test batches of product to what is known as GLP, toxicology studies, animal pre-clinical efficacy studies and manufacturing pursuant to what is known as GMP. The results of pre-clinical testing are submitted to the FDA as part of an initial NDA. After the filing of each initial NDA, and assuming all pre-clinical results have been approved, a thirty-day waiting period is required prior to the commencement of clinical testing in humans. At any time during this thirty-day period or at any time thereafter, the FDA may halt proposed or ongoing clinical trials until the FDA authorizes trials under specified terms. The initial NDA process may be extremely costly and substantially delay development of products. Moreover, positive results of pre-clinical tests will not necessarily indicate positive results in subsequent clinical trials.
 
After successful completion of the required clinical trials, a NDA is generally submitted. The NDA is usually reviewed by an outside committee consisting of physicians, scientists, and at least one consumer representative. The advisory committee reviews, evaluates and recommends whether the application should be approved, but the FDA is not bound by the recommendation of an advisory committee. The FDA may request additional information before accepting a NDA for filing, in which case the application must be resubmitted with the additional information. Once the submission has been accepted for filing, the FDA or the advisory committee reviews the application and responds to the applicant. The review process is often extended by FDA requests for additional information or clarification. The FDA cites 24 months as the median time for NDA review.
 
If the FDA evaluations of the NDA and the manufacturing facilities are favorable, the FDA may issue an approval letter. An approval letter will usually contain a number of conditions that must be met in order to secure final approval of the NDA and authorization of commercial marketing of the drug for certain indications. The FDA may also refuse to approve the NDA or issue a not approval letter, outlining the deficiencies in the submission and often requiring either additional testing or information or withdrawal of the submission.
 
The manufacturers of approved products and their manufacturing facilities are subject to continual review and periodic inspections.
 
Approved drugs are subject to ongoing compliance requirements and identification of certain side effects after any of the drug products are on the market. This could result in issuance of warning letters, subsequent withdrawal of approval, reformulation of the drug product, and additional pre-clinical studies or clinical trials.
 
Canada
 
In Canada, the Therapeutic Products Directorate and the Biologics and Genetic Therapies Directorate of HC ensure that clinical trials are properly designed and undertaken and that subjects are not exposed to undue risk. Regulations define specific Investigational New Drug Submission (or IND) application requirements, which must be complied with before a new drug can be distributed for trial purposes. The Directorates currently review the safety, efficacy and quality data submitted by the sponsor and approve the distribution of the drug to the investigator. The sponsor of the trial is required to maintain accurate records, report adverse drug reactions, and ensure that the investigator adheres to the approved protocol. Trials in humans should be conducted according to generally accepted principles of good clinical practice. Management believes that these standards provide assurance that the data and reported results are credible and accurate, and that the rights, integrity, and privacy of clinical trial subjects are protected.
 
Sponsors wishing to conduct clinical trials in Phases I to III of development must apply under a 30-day default system. Applications must contain the information described in the regulations, including: a clinical trial attestation; a protocol; statements to be contained in each informed consent form, that set out the risks posed to the health of clinical trial subjects as a result of their participation in the clinical trial; an investigator’s brochure; applicable information on excipients (delivery vehicles); and chemistry and manufacturing information.
 
The sponsor can proceed with the clinical trial if the Directorates have not objected to the sale or importation of the drug within 30 days after the date of receipt of the clinical trial application and Research Ethics Board approval for the conduct of the trial at the site has been obtained. Additional information is available on Health Canada’s website - www.hc-sc.gc.ca.


 
9

 

Other Jurisdictions
 
Outside the United States and Canada, the Company’s ability to market drug products is contingent upon receiving marketing authorization from the appropriate regulatory authorities. Management believes that the foreign regulatory approval process includes all of the complexities associated with FDA approval described above. The requirements governing the conduct of clinical trials and marketing authorization vary widely from country to country. At present, foreign marketing authorizations are applied for at a national level, although within the European Union procedures are available to companies wishing to market a product in more than one member country.
 
Product Liability and Insurance
 
Once we are able to commence the sale of our products into the market, we will face the risk of product liability claims. Because we are not yet selling our products, we have not experienced any product liability claims to date and we do not yet maintain product liability insurance. Management intends to maintain product liability insurance consistent with industry standards upon commencement of the marketing and distribution. There can be no assurance that product liability claims will not exceed such insurance coverage limits, which could have a materially adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations or that such insurance will continue to be available on commercially reasonable terms, if at all.
 
Employees
 
TapImmune currently has one full-time employee. The management team is comprised of Dr. Glynn Wilson (Chief Executive Officer, Principal Executive Officer and Acting Principal Accounting Officer), and Dr. Robert Florkiewicz (Consulting, Head of Research) together with a number of consultants, corporate advisors and scientific collaborators.
 
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
 
We are not required to provide the information required by this item because we are a smaller reporting company.
 
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
 
None.
 
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES
 
We do not own any real estate or other properties. Our registered office is located at 1551 Eastlake Ave East, Seattle, WA 98102. Our lease expired in January 2014 and we continue to rent laboratory and office space at this address on a month to month basis.
 
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

In May 2012, we issued what is now equal to 112,000 shares of our common stock to two consultants. We contested the validity of the issuances of this common stock based on our belief that the consultants did not perform the services agreed to under their respective consulting agreements. While we initially were able to delay the sale of the contested shares, we were not successful in clawing back the contested shares. A claim for perceived damages from Michael Gardner (one of the consultants) suffered as a result of our contesting the issuance under the consulting agreements has been filed in the Supreme Court of New York. He has based his claim for damages on the difference between market price at the time we were able to delay the sale of his shares and the market price at the time of the sale of all of his shares. As the result of a judicial decision in New York he received a bond payment of ($100,000) that the Company had used to secure a temporary restraining order against the issuance of stock to him.
 
The law firm that we used to pursue the Gardner Action was awarded a judgment against us for $210,255 of unpaid legal fees (“G&S Judgment”). Shareholders of the Company acquired the G&S Judgment in full, converted that Judgment into preferred shares of the Company (which in turn converted into common stock) and subsequently released the Company from any liability related thereto.

 
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On July 18, 2014, the International Center for Dispute Resolution International Arbitration Tribunal issued a Final Award in the matter of TapImmune Inc. vs. Michael Gardner awarding TapImmune $196,204 plus post-award interest at a rate of 9% per year. This award stemmed from the dispute discussed above with Mr. Gardner regarding the May 2012 consulting agreement. The arbitrator found that we were fraudulently induced into entering said agreement through “1) misrepresentations as to what he would or could do for the Company, including raising funds, and 2) omissions about his reputation and ability to obtain or assist in obtaining financing for TapImmune” among other reasons. We are attempting to collect the award from Mr. Gardner.
 
One of our suppliers, Fischer Scientific was awarded a judgment against us for $51,000 which is equal to the amount owed to them. We intend on settling that matter in the second quarter of 2015.
 
Management is not aware of any legal proceedings contemplated by any government authority or any other party involving the Company. As of the date of this Annual Report, no director, officer or affiliate is (i) a party adverse to us in any legal proceeding, or (ii) has an adverse interest to us in any legal proceeding. Management is not aware of any other legal proceedings pending or threatened against the Company.
 
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE
 
Not Applicable

 
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PART II
 
ITEM 5.  MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
Market Information
 
Our common stock is traded on the Over the Counter Bulletin Board (“OTCQB”) under the symbol “TPIV” and previously on the Frankfurt and subsequently on the Berlin and Munich Stock Exchanges under the symbol “GX1A.” The listing on the Frankfurt exchange is no longer valid however the Berlin and Munich Stock Exchange listing done without the Company’s knowledge and consent appear to still be active.
 
The market for our common stock is limited, volatile and sporadic. The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the high and low bid prices of our common stock as reported on the OTCQB. The following quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, markdown, or commissions, and may not reflect actual transactions.
 
   
High Bid
   
Low Bid
 
             
Fiscal Year 2015
           
  February 27, 2015
  $ 0.22     $ 0.21  
                 
Fiscal Year 2014
               
  December 31, 2014
  $ 0.32     $ 0.28  
  September 30, 2014
  $ 0.66     $ 0.62  
  June 28, 2014
  $ 1.93     $ 1.80  
  March 31, 2014
  $ 4.09     $ 3.50  
                 
Fiscal Year 2013
               
  December 31, 2013
  $ 1.91     $ 1.60  
  September 30, 2013
  $ 1.24     $ 1.00  
  June 28, 2013
  $ 3.20     $ 2.35  
  March 28, 2013
  $ 10.20     $ 9.22  
 
The last reported sales price for our shares on the OTCQB as of April 10, 2015, was $0.20 per share. As of April 10, 2015, we had 579 shareholders of record.
 
Dividend Policy
 
No dividends have been declared or paid on our common stock. We have incurred recurring losses and do not currently intend to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future.
 
Securities Authorized For Issuance under Compensation Plans
 
The following table sets forth information as of December 31, 2014:
 
Equity Compensation Plan Information
 
 
Number of securities to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options, warrants and rights
(a)
Weighted average exercise price of outstanding options, warrants and rights
(b)
Number of securities remaining available for future issuance under equity compensation plans (excluding securities reflected in column (a)
(c)
(a)Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
65,430(1)
$18.00
34,570
(b)Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders
Nil
Nil
Nil
 
65,430(1)
$18.00
34,570
 
(1)  The plan under which these shares were issued was approved by the Board of Directors and the shareholders in 2009 but did not come into effect until February 22, 2010.

 
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Stock Incentive Plan
 
On October 14, 2009, the Company adopted the 2009 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2009 Plan”). The 2009 Plan allows for the issuance of up to 100,000 common shares. Options granted under the Plan shall be at prices and for terms as determined by our Board of Directors, and may have vesting requirements as determined by our Board of Directors.
 
The foregoing summary of the 2009 Stock Incentive Plan is not complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the 2009 Stock Incentive Plan, a copy of which has been filed with the SEC.
 
To date, 65,430 options have been issued under the 2009 Plan. Of those options, 42,500 were issued to members of our scientific advisory board, and our Chief Executive Officer.
 
On March 19, 2014, we adopted the 2014 Omnibus Stock Option Plan (“2014 Plan”). The 2014 Plan allows for the issuance of 2,000,000 options to acquire common shares.
 
Warrants
 
As of April 10, 2015, there are an aggregate of 65,250,000 common stock purchase warrants issued and outstanding.
 
Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

The Company has previously reported all issuances of unregistered equity during the year ended December 31, 2014 through April 15, 2015.
 
ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
 
We are a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act are not required to provide the information required under this item.
 
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
The following discussion of our financial condition, changes in financial condition, plan of operations and results of operations should be read in conjunction with (i) our audited consolidated financial statements as at December 31, 2014 and for the period from inception (July 27, 1999) to December 31, 2013 and (ii) the section entitled “Business”, included in this annual report. The discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of many factors.
 
Plan of Operations
 
Management believes that our platform technologies combine to make the most comprehensive vaccines in development today. The comprehensive approach of stimulating both the helper and killer T cell response to cancer antigens is essential in having an effective and long lasting killing effect on tumor and infected cells.
 
On January 10, 2014 the shareholders and the Board of Directors approved a reverse stock split whereby every one hundred (100) shares of common stock held by a TapImmune stockholder was exchanged for one share of TapImmune common stock (the “Reverse Stock Split”). The Board of Directors set the close of business on the twentieth day following the mailing of an Information Statement to the shareholders as the date on which to file a “Certificate Pursuant to NRS 78.209” with the Nevada Secretary of State to make the Reverse Stock Split effective. Every one hundred (100) shares of common stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to that effective date was reclassified as and changed into one share of common stock.
 
The principal effect of the Reverse Stock Split decreased the number of outstanding shares of common stock. At the time of the approval of the Reverse Stock Split by the shareholders on January 10, 2014, we had approximately 145,000,000 common shares outstanding, which number was reduced to approximately 1,450,000 shares as a result of the Reverse Stock Split. The respective relative voting rights and other rights that accompany the common stock were not altered and the common stock continues to have a par value of $0.001 per share.

 
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Reasons for, and the effect of, the Reverse Stock Split
 
Management undertook the Reverse Stock Split with three goals in mind: (i) reduce the Company’s debt by creating a capital structure that would be attractive enough to the then debt-holders of the company to entice them to convert into shares of the Company; (ii) position the Company so that upon a successful capital raise it could up-list on a NASDAQ market; (iii) create a capital structure, by increasing the authorized number of shares, which would allow the Company to make acquisitions or raise additional capital or both. On the date of the written consent the Company had essentially no shares available for issuance for any purpose as the remaining 5,000,000 (and more) were reserved for issuance to our debtors. 
 
After the Reverse Stock Split, debt settlement conversions and amendment to the articles of incorporation, the common stock outstanding was approximately 15,000,000 shares, providing us with 485,000,000 authorized but unissued shares of common stock to proceed with a capital raise through the sale of common stock.

Debt conversions and stock issuances
 
In regard to the above explanation and pursuant to our articles of incorporation, we were authorized to issue up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock.
 
We reduced the outstanding debt on our balance sheet significantly by converting into shares of preferred stock, which in turn converted into shares of common stock upon the occurrence of the Reverse Stock Split. On January 7, 2014, we filed a certificate of designation to create up to 1,250,000 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. Also in the first quarter of fiscal 2014, we filed a certificate of designation to create up to 1,500,000 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock. During the year we issued $418,000 of Convertible notes. The notes carried no interest rate and were converted shortly thereafter into preferred stock and immediately into common stock. During the year approximately $4.8 million of debt and $0.5 million of accrued interest was converted into preferred stock, which immediately converted into 14.0 million shares of common stock.
 
Further debt settlement and capital raising efforts in 2014 and early 2015 have resulted in approximately 32,639,000 shares of our common stock currently issued and outstanding.
 
Debt settlement transactions were not registered under the Act in reliance on the exemption from registration in Section 4(2) of the Act, as a transaction not involving any public offering. We issued a press release on February 25, 2014 discussing these and other matters and further details are available in the filed Information Statement on Form 14-C and Form 8-Ks describing the corporate actions. We completed new institutional financing in January 2015 and March 2015 via an effective S3 registration statement (July 23, 2014).

Current State of the Company
 
TapImmune is a clinical-stage immunotherapy Company specializing in the development of innovative peptide and gene-based immunotherapeutics and vaccines for the treatment of cancer. The Company now has multiple clinical trials underway at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN. In addition to our own sponsored clinical trials, we announced that a new grant-funded breast and ovarian cancer trial was started by Mayo using the same Folate Alpha Receptor peptides to which we have the exclusive commercial rights. Our development pipeline is extremely strong and provides us the opportunity to continue to expand on collaborations with leading institutions and corporations.
 
Over the past year, we have significantly strengthened our balance sheet by raising additional working capital and reducing our stockholders’ deficit from $8.7 million in December 2013 to $2.46 million in the second quarter and further down to $656,000 in the third quarter. On August 14, 2014, we closed a $2 million registered direct offering with a fundamental institutional investor and a further $2.5 million in the first quarter of 2015, giving us confidence in our ability to continue developing our products on the path to commercialization. The strength of our science and development approaches is becoming more widely appreciated, particularly as our clinical program has now generated positive interim data on both clinical programs in Breast and Ovarian Cancer. Also, we are pleased to report that all our pre-clinical programs are seeing positive outcomes.
 
With the new funding the Company is focusing on the following key initiatives:
 
Entry into Phase II HER2/neu Breast Cancer Trials
 
Entry into Phase II Triple Negative Cancer Trials and Fast Track & Orphan Drug Status
 
Produce new PolyStart constructs, in-house, to facilitate collaborative efforts in our current clinical indications and those where others have already indicated interest in combination therapies.

 
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In addition, we will continue to work on deficit reduction and capital improvement in order to make the required benchmarks for an uplisting to the NASDAQ.
 
Together, these fundamental programs and corporate activities have positioned TapImmune extremely well to capitalize on the acceptance of immunotherapy as a leading therapeutic strategy in cancer and infectious disease resulting in exploding valuations in the market.
 
TapImmune’s Pipeline
 
The Company has a deep pipeline of potential blockbuster immunotherapies under development. Two of the clinical programs are completing Phase I studies and are expected to advance to Phase II  in 2015. These are major inflection and valuation events, and we believe that, in light of these assets, the company is significantly undervalued. Over the past year a number of highly visible transactions and billion dollar acquisitions have taken place that validate the work we are doing. We believe that, if our treatment successfully reaches commercialization, our treatment is applicable to 50% of the HER2/neu Breast Cancer market, which is a $21 billion annual market. We further believe that if our Ovarian Cancer treatment reaches commercialization, it will be applicable to 95% of the market which Decision Resources, one of the world’s leading research firms for pharmaceuticals and healthcare, believes will triple in the next 10 years to at least $1.5 billion.
 
In addition to the exciting clinical developments, our peptide vaccine technology may be coupled with our recently developed in-house Polystart™ nucleic acid-based technology designed to make vaccines significantly more effective by producing four times the required peptides for the immune systems to recognize and act on. Our nucleic acid-based systems can also incorporate “TAP” which stands for Transporter associated with Antigen Presentation. Our technologies are also widely applicable to the treatment of emerging viral threats and pandemics.  In particular, our highly versatile PolyStart technology has application in these areas. As we have established our focus in oncology we will continue to seek new collaborations and non-dilutive funding in the infectious disease area. With respect to validation of our technologies, it is important to note that the majority of our technologies have been published in leading peer-reviewed journals. The timing of such publications is consistent with the filing of patents.
 
A list of publications on our TAP technology can be found on our website (www.tapimmune.com). Publication of our data on PolyStart will occur after current patent filings have been completed.
 
A key component to success is having a comprehensive patent strategy that continually updates and extends patent coverage for key products. It is highly unlikely that early patents will extend through ultimate product marketing, so extending patent life is an important strategy for ensuring product protection. TapImmune is working with Seed IP in Seattle, to effect such a strategy. In addition, we are fortunate that Dr. Robert Florkiewicz at TapImmune is a registered patent agent with an extensive background in this field.
 
TapImmune has four patent estates, details of which can be found on our website:
 
1. Issued and filed patents on TAP for treatment of cancer and infectious disease (owned by TapImmune)
 
2. Filed patents on PolyStart expression vector (owned by TapImmune and filed in 2014)
 
3. Filed patents on HER2/neu Class II and Class I antigens: exclusive license from Mayo Clinic
 
4. Filed patents on Folate Receptor Alpha antigens exclusive license option from Mayo Clinic
 
While the pathway to successful product development takes time, we believe we have put in place significant resources in technical and corporate fundamentals for success. The strength of our product pipeline and access to leading scientists and institutions gives us a unique opportunity to make a major contribution to global health care.
 
A number of early stage billion dollar pharma acquisitions and recent IPOs have highlighted the growing interest in investment in immunotherapy space. Looking at our current valuation and those of our peers and considering our pipeline of clinical programs with very near-term advancements and the value inflections those represent, we believe this is an excellent opportunity and presents exceptional entry point for those that have not yet become a shareholder.
 
With respect to the broader market, a major driver and positive influence on our activities has been the emergence and general acceptance of the potential of a new generation of immunotherapies that promise to change the standard of care for cancer. The immunotherapy sector has been greatly stimulated by the approval of Provenge® for prostate cancer and Yervoy™ for metastatic melanoma, progression of the areas of checkpoint inhibitors and adoptive T-cell therapy and multiple approaches reaching Phase II and Phase III status.

 
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We believe that through our combination of technologies, we are well positioned to be a leading player in this emerging market. It is important to note that many of the late stage immunotherapies currently in development do not represent competition to our programs, but instead offer synergistic opportunities to partner our antigen based immunotherapeutics, Polystart™ and/or TAP expression systems. Thus, the use of naturally processed T-cell antigens discovered using samples derived from cancer patients plus our Polystart™ expression technology to improve antigen presentation to T-cells could not only produce an effective cancer vaccines in its own right but also to enhance the efficacy of other immunotherapy approaches such as CAR-T and PD1 inhibitors for example.
 
On the technology and product pipeline side, management believes that the company is fundamentally strong and poised to be a leading company in a highly attractive, multi-billion dollar and expanding market, a position reinforced by our recruitment of top-class managers, advisors and investors who all share our vision.
 
Results of Operations
 
Year Ended December 31, 2014 Compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2013
 
In this discussion of the Company’s results of operations and financial condition, amounts, other than per-share amounts, have been rounded to the nearest thousand dollars.
 
We recorded a net loss of $30,883,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to $5,533,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013.
 
Operating Expenses
 
Operating expenses incurred during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014 were $3,425,000 compared to $2,664,000 in the prior year. Significant changes and expenditures are outlined as follows:
 
 
·
General and administrative expenses increased to $3,182,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014 from $1,967,000 during the prior period. The increase was primarily due to higher non-cash consulting fees paid as stock-based compensation of $1,391,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014 from $85,000 during the prior period offset by professional fees which were $474,000 in the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to $845,000 in the prior year. The decrease in professional fee from the prior year was due to lower legal fees incurred relating to debt issuance and settlements in the current year.
 
 
·
Research and development costs during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014 were $189,000 compared to $698,000 during the prior fiscal year. This was due to lower technology licensing fee accrued for payment due to Mayo clinic and decreased in house research activity in the current year.
 
Our net loss for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $30,883,000 or ($2.00) per share, compared to a net loss of $5,533,000 or ($4.87) per share in the prior year. The weighted average number of shares outstanding was 15,465,213 for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to 1,136,115 for the prior year.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
The following table sets forth our cash and working capital as of December 31, 2014 and 2013:
 
   
December 31, 2014
   
December 31, 2013
 
             
Cash reserves
  $ 142,000     $ 49,000  
Working capital (deficit)
  $ (1,024,000 )   $ (8,768,000 )
 
Subject to the availability of additional financing, we intend to spend approximately $7,500,000 over the next twelve months in carrying out our plan of operations. At December 31, 2014, we had $142,000 of cash on hand and a working capital deficit of $1,024,000. As such, our working capital at December 31, 2014 will not be sufficient to enable us to pay our general and administrative expenses, and to pursue our plan of operations over the next twelve months.
 
In an effort to address this deficiency, management undertook the Reverse Stock Split with three goals in mind: (i) reduce the Company’s debt by creating a capital structure that would be attractive enough to the then debt-holders of the company to entice them to convert into shares of the company; (ii) position the company so that upon a successful capital raise it could up-list on a NASDAQ market; (iii) create a capital structure, by increasing the authorized number of shares, which would allow the company to make acquisitions or raise additional capital or both.

 
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After the 2014 Reverse Stock Split and debt settlement conversions, there were approximately 20,319,000 shares outstanding, providing us with 479,681,000 authorized but unissued shares of common stock to proceed with a capital raise through the sale of common stock.
 
The market and investment community have supported and applauded the restructuring effort undertaken. With the support of the creditors and their agreement to convert debt to new equity we have a significantly stronger balance sheet to present to the investor community and we expect to attract the financial backing of some of the most respected names in life science to aid us in executing our product development plans and to provide fuel for our growth. For 2014, we have ambitious plans to advance and deepen our pipeline as we expand operations, explore strategic business development opportunities and up-list to a NASDAQ Market if we meet the necessary criteria. If we are not able to obtain financing in the amounts required or on terms that are acceptable to us, we may be forced to scale back or abandon certain elements of our plan of operations.
 
Various conditions outside of our control may detract from our ability to raise the capital needed to execute our plan of operations, including overall market conditions in the international and local economies. We recognize that the United States economy has suffered through a period of uncertainty during which the capital markets have been depressed, and that there is no certainty that these levels will stabilize or reverse despite the optics of an improving economy. Any of these factors could have a material impact upon our ability to raise financing and, as a result, upon our short-term or long-term liquidity.
 
Going Concern
 
We have no sources of revenue to provide incoming cash flows to sustain our future operations. As outlined above, our ability to pursue our planned business activities is dependent upon our successful efforts to raise additional equity financing. These factors raise substantial doubt regarding our ability to continue as a going concern. Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which implies that we will continue to realize our assets and discharge our liabilities in the normal course of business. As at December 31, 2014, we had accumulated losses of $86,310,000 since inception. Our financial statements do not include any adjustments to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should we be unable to continue as a going concern.
 
Net Cash Used in Operating Activities
 
Operating activities in the year ended December 31, 2014 used cash of $2,187,000 compared to $695,000 in the year ended December 31, 2013. Operating activities have primarily used cash as a result of the operating and organizational activities such as consulting fees, management fees, professional fees and research and development.
 
Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities
 
As we have had no revenues since inception, we have financed our operations primarily through private placements of our stock and debt. Financing activities in the year ended December 31, 2014 provided cash of $2,281,000 compared to $709,000 in the year ended December 31, 2013.
 
Critical Accounting Policies
 
Our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles applied on a consistent basis. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods.
 
We regularly evaluate the accounting policies and estimates that we use to prepare our consolidated financial statements. In general, management’s estimates are based on historical experience, on information from third party professionals, and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the facts and circumstances. Actual results could differ from those estimates made by management.

 
17

 
 
Use of Estimates
 
Preparation of the Company’s financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts and disclosures. Accordingly, actual results could differ materially from those estimates. Significant areas requiring management’s estimates and assumptions include deferred taxes and related tax balances and disclosures, determining the fair value of stock-based compensation and stock based transactions, the fair value of the components of the convertible notes payable, foreign exchange gains and losses, and accrued liabilities. Matters impacting the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern and contingencies also involve the use of estimates and assumptions.
 
Fair Value Measurements
 
The fair value of certain of the Company’s financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accrued compensation, and other accrued liabilities, approximate cost because of their short maturities. The Company measures the fair value of certain of its financial assets and liabilities on a recurring basis. A fair value hierarchy is used to rank the quality and reliability of the information used to determine fair values. Financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value will be classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:
 
 
•   Level 1-Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.
 
 
•   Level 2-Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as unadjusted quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities, unadjusted quoted prices in the markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
 
 
•   Level 3-Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
 
Stock-Based Compensation
 
Stock-based compensation is measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award. The fair value of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as expense on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period. The expense recognized for the portion of the award that is expected to vest has been reduced by an estimated forfeiture rate. The forfeiture rate is determined at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.

Expected Term — The expected term of options represents the period that the Company’s stock-based awards are expected to be outstanding based on the simplified method, which is the half-life from vesting to the end of its contractual term.
 
Expected Volatility — The Company computes stock price volatility over expected terms based on its historical common stock trading prices.
 
Risk-Free Interest Rate — The Company bases the risk-free interest rate on the implied yield available on U.S. Treasury zero-coupon issues with an equivalent remaining term.
 
Expected Dividend — The Company has never declared or paid any cash dividends on its common shares and does not plan to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future, and, therefore, uses an expected dividend yield of zero in its valuation models. The Company recognizes fair value of stock options granted to nonemployees as stock-based compensation expense over the period in which the related services are received.
 
Derivative Liability
 
The Company evaluates its convertible debt, options, warrants or other contracts to determine if those contracts or embedded components of those contracts qualify as derivatives to be separately accounted for in accordance with ASC 810-10-05-4 and  815-40. This accounting treatment requires that the carrying amount of embedded derivatives be marked-to-market at each balance sheet date and carried at fair value. In the event that the fair value is recorded as a liability, the change in fair value during the period is recorded in the Statement of Operations as either income or expense. Upon conversion, exercise or modification to the terms of a derivative instrument, the instrument is marked to fair value at the conversion date and then the related fair value is reclassified to equity.

 
18

 
 
In circumstances where the embedded conversion option in a convertible instrument is required to be bifurcated and there are also other embedded derivative instruments in the convertible instrument that are required to be bifurcated, the bifurcated derivative instruments are accounted for as a single, compound derivative instruments.
 
The classification of financial instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is re-assessed at the end of each reporting period. Equity instruments that are initially classified as equity that become subject to reclassification are reclassified to liability at the fair value of the instrument on the reclassification date. Derivative instrument liabilities will be classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether or not net-cash settlement of the derivative instrument is expected within 12 months of the balance sheet date.
 
In evaluating the application of ASC 815-40, management must determine whether an instrument (or an embedded feature) is indexed to the Company’s own stock. ASC 815-40-15 provides that an entity should use a two-step approach to evaluate whether an equity-linked financial instrument (or embedded feature) is indexed to its own stock, including evaluating the instrument’s contingent exercise and settlement provisions. The application of ASC 815-40-15 has affected the accounting for (i) certain freestanding warrants that contain exercise price adjustment features and (ii) convertible notes containing full-ratchet and anti-dilution protections (iii) certain free standing warrants that contain contingently puttable cash settlement.
 
The Company has evaluated the application ASC 480-10 Distinguishing liabilities from equity, ASC 815-40 Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity and ASC 718-10 Compensation – Stock Compensation to the issued and outstanding warrants to purchase common stock that were issued with the convertible notes, private placements, consulting agreements, and various debt settlements during 2009 through 2012. Based on the guidance, management concluded these instruments are required to be accounted for as derivatives either due to a ratchet down protection feature available on the exercise price (Note 5) or a holder’s right to put the warrants back to the Company for cash under certain conditions or a conversion option feature with conversion into variable number of shares. Under ASC 815-40-25, the Company records the fair value of these warrants and conversion options (derivatives) on its balance sheet, at fair value, with changes in the values reflected in the statements of operations as “Changes in fair value of derivative liabilities”. The fair value of the share purchase warrants are recorded on the balance sheet under ‘Derivative liability – warrants’ and the fair value of the conversion options are recorded on the balance sheet under ‘Derivative liability – conversion option’.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
We have not entered into any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes of financial condition, revenues, expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to investors.
 
ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
We are a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act and are not required to provide the information required under this item.
 


 
19

 


 
ITEM 8.FINANCIAL STATEMENTS




 
TAPIMMUNE INC.
 
CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
DECEMBER 31, 2014
 

 

 

 
Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firms
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss
 
Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements
 


 
20

 



REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM


To the Audit Committee of the
Board of Directors and Stockholders
of TapImmune, Inc.

 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of TapImmune, Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2014, and the related consolidated statements of operations and  comprehensive loss, changes in stockholders’ equity (deficit) and cash flows for the year then ended. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audit.
 
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.  An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of TapImmune, Inc., as of December 31, 2014, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
 
 
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has suffered historical losses from operations and has negative working capital. These matters raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans concerning these matters are also discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements. The accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
 
/s/ Marcum llp
New York, NY
April 15, 2015

 
F-1

 











REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM



To the Stockholders and Board of Directors of TapImmune Inc:
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of TapImmune Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2013 and the related consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss, stockholders’ deficit and cash flows for the year then ended.  These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management.  Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform an audit to obtain reasonable assurance whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement.  The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements.  An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation.  We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, these consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as at December 31, 2013 and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern.  As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, the Company has an accumulated deficit of $55,426,635and reported a loss of $5,532,552 for the year ended December 31, 2013 raising substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The Company requires additional funds to meet its obligations and the costs of its operations.  These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.  Management’s plans in this regard are described in Note 1.  The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

“DMCL”


DALE MATHESON CARR-HILTON LABONTE LLP
CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS
Vancouver, Canada
April 14, 2014

 
F-2

 

TAPIMMUNE INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

   
December 31,
2014
   
December 31,
2013
 
             
ASSETS
 
Current Assets
           
  Cash
  $ 141,944     $ 48,589  
  Prepaid expenses and deposits
    82,504       15,004  
  Deferred financing costs
    -       13,439  
                 
    $ 224,448     $ 77,032  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)
 
Current Liabilities
               
  Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
  $ 693,362     $ 3,778,401  
  Research agreement obligations
    492,365       492,365  
  Derivative liability – conversion option
    -       582,300  
  Derivative liability – warrants
    9,415       140,504  
  Convertible notes payable
    -       3,161,977  
  Loans payable, related party (2013 - $5,200)
    -       42,200  
  Promissory notes, related party
    52,942       277,942  
  Due to related parties
    -       369,346  
      1,248,084       8,845,035  
                 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
 
               
Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
               
Convertible preferred stock, $0.001 par value — 5,000,000 shares authorized:
               
Series A, $0.001 par value, 1,250,000 shares designated, -0- shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013
    -       -  
Series B, $0.001 par value, 1,500,000 shares designated, -0- shares issued  and outstanding as of December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013
    -       -  
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 500,000,000 shares authorized
               
20,318,815 shares issued and outstanding (2013 – 1,465,712)
    20,319       1,466  
Additional paid-in capital
    85,265,776       46,715,500  
Accumulated deficit
    (86,309,731 )     (55,426,635 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    -       (58,334 )
      (1,023,636 )     (8,768,003 )
                 
    $ 224,448     $ 77,032  


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 
F-3

 

TAPIMMUNE INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

   
Year Ended
December 31,
2014
   
Year Ended
December 31,
2013
 
             
Operating expenses:
           
General and administrative
  $ 3,181,927     $ 1,966,683  
Research and development
    189,000       697,634  
                 
Loss from Operations
    (3,370,927 )     (2,664,317 )
                 
Other Income (Expense)
               
Foreign exchange (loss) gain
    (52,976 )     5,896  
    Changes in fair value of derivative liabilities      581>       1,546,257   
    Accretion of discount on convertible notes     (492,296 )     (1,110,831
    Interest and financing charges     (83,247 )     (645,562 )  
    Loss on extinguishment of debt     (26,884,231 )     (2,560,045
    Loss on lawsuit     -       (103,950
 
Net Loss for the Period
    (30,883,096 )     (5,532,552 )
 
Other comprehensive income
               
Foreign exchange translation adjustment
    58,334       3,314  
 
TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
  $ (30,824,762 )   $ (5,529,238 )
                 
Basic and Diluted Net Loss
per Share
  $ (2.00 )   $ (4.87 )
                 
Weighted Average Number of
Common Shares Outstanding
    15,465,213       1,136,115  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 
F-4

 

TAPIMMUNE INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)

 
      Common Stock                                  
     
Number of
shares
     
Amount
      Paid In
Capital
      Accumulated
Deficit
      Comprehensive
Loss
      Total
 
Balance, December 31, 2012
    764,029       782       43,912,427       (49,894,083 )     (61,648 )     (6,042,522 )
                                                 
Notes converted into shares
    412,047       412       1,477,175       -       -       1,477,587  
Stock based compensation in 2013
    -       -       46,840       -       -       46,840  
Obligation to issue shares at fair value
  pursuant to service agreements
    -       -       31,891       -       -       31,891  
Issued at fair value pursuant to
  debt settlement agreements
    264,649       265       1,211,362       -       -       1,211,627  
Finders’ fee
    -       -       (11,300 )     -       -       (11,300 )
Issued at fair value pursuant to service agreements
    3,500       4       38,932       -       -       38,936  
Shares issued for director compensation
    2,500       3       8,173       -       -       8,176  
Non-cash exercise of warrants
    18,986       -       -       -       -       -  
Foreign exchange translation adjustment
    -       -       -       -       3,314       3,314  
Net loss
    -       -       -       (5,532,552 )     -       (5,532,552 )
Balance, December 31, 2013
    1,465,712       1,466       46,715,500       (55,426,635 )     (58,334 )     (8,768,003 )
                                                 
Convertible notes, promissory notes, loan payable-related party, due to related parties and accrued interest converted into Series A and B preferred stock and immediately converted into commons stock
    14,048,701       14,049       30,937,029                       30,951,078  
Conversion of accounts payable to common stock
    1,836,361       1,836       4,347,592       -       -       4,349,428  
Private placement (net of finders’ fee)
    2,157,042       2,157       1,875,343       -       -       1,877,500  
Foreign exchange translation adjustment
    -       -       -       -       58,334       58,334  
Stock- based compensation
    811,000       811       1,390,312       -       -       1,391,123  
Net loss
    -       -       -       (30,883,096 )     -       (30,883,096 )
Balance, December 31, 2014
    20,318,816       20,319       85,265,776       (86,309,731 )     -       (1,023,636 )


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 
F-5

 


TAPIMMUNE INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

   
Year Ended
December 31,
2014
   
Year Ended
December 31,
2013
 
             
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net loss
  $ (30,883,096 )   $ (5,532,552 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to
net cash from operating activities:
               
Changes in fair value of derivative liabilities
    (581 )     (1,546,257 )
Loss on extinguishment of debt
    26,884,231       2,560,045  
Accretion of discount on convertible notes
    492,296       1,110,831  
Non-cash interest and finance charges
    83,247       645,562  
Stock based compensation
    1,391,123       132,093  
Foreign exchange loss
    58,334       -  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Prepaid expenses and deposits
    (67,500 )     -  
Deferred financing costs
    -       24,013  
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
    (145,199 )     1,835,315  
Research agreement obligations
    -       76,367  
NET CASH USED IN OPERATING ACTIVITIES
    (2,187,145 )     (694,583 )
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Issuance of shares, net of issuance costs of $387,500
    1,877,500       -  
Convertible notes issuance
    418,000       728,000  
Proceeds from loans payable
    -       32,200  
Repayment to related parties
    -       (30,867 )
Repayment of convertible notes
    -       (20,000 )
Repayment of promissory notes
    (15,000 )     -  
NET CASH PROVIDED BY FINANCING ACTIVITIES
    2,280,500       709,333  
                 
INCREASE IN CASH
    93,355       14,750  
                 
CASH, BEGINNING OF YEAR
    48,589       33,839  
                 
CASH, END OF YEAR
  $ 141,944     $ 48,589  



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


 
F-6

 


TAPIMMUNE INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

   
Year Ended
December 31,
2014
   
Year Ended
December 31,
2013
 
             
SUPPLEMENTAL SCHEDULE OF NON-CASH ACTIVITIES
 
             
Accounts payable settled in common stock
  $ 2,415,000     $ 558,000  
                 
Conversion of debt obligations into common stock:
               
Accrued interest
    525,000       -  
Convertible notes payable
    4,116,000       738,000  
Loans payable, related party
    42,000       -  
Promissory notes, related party
    210,000       -  
Due to related parties
    369,000       -  
Fair value derivative liability – conversion option at conversion
    708,000       -  

 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


 
F-7

 

TAPIMMUNE INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2014

NOTE 1:NATURE OF OPERATIONS
 
TapImmune Inc. (the “Company”), a Nevada corporation incorporated in 1992, is a biotechnology Company focusing on immunotherapy specializing in the development of innovative peptide and gene-based immunotherapeutics and vaccines for the treatment of oncology and infectious disease. Unlike other vaccine technologies that narrowly address the initiation of an immune response, TapImmune's approach broadly stimulates the cellular immune system by enhancing the function of killer T-cells and T-helper cells and by restoring antigen presentation in tumor cells allowing their recognition and killing by the immune system.
 
A Phase I study at the Mayo Clinic is currently evaluating the safety and immune responses of a set of proprietary HER2/neu antigens that will be part of the "Prime" for a HER2/neu breast cancer vaccine.
 
A second Phase I trial is underway at Mayo Clinic (“Mayo”) in Ovarian and breast cancer (Folate Receptor Alpha). Folate Receptor Alpha is expressed in nearly 50% of breast cancers and in addition, over 95% of ovarian cancers, for which the only treatment options are surgery and chemotherapy, leaving a very important and urgent clinical need for a new therapeutic. Time to recurrence is relatively short for this type of cancer and survival prognosis is extremely poor after recurrence. In the USA alone, there are approximately 30,000 ovarian cancer patients newly diagnosed every year. These Folate Receptor Antigens are applicable to Ovarian and Triple Negative Breast Cancer. Both of these diseases have few treatment options if any beyond surgery and chemotherapy and therefore the Company is hopeful that it might be an ideal candidate for orphan drug status in these indications.
 
Phase II advancement will be assessed in the second quarter of 2015. TapImmune has an exclusive option to license this set of peptides after successful phase 1 trials.
 
In addition, enhancing the visibility of cancer or infected cells to a patient’s immune system is a critical aspect of an effective vaccine. In this regard, TapImmune’s PolyStart™ nucleic acid-based technology provides a four-fold increase in target cell specific naturally processed antigenic epitopes on a cells surface. This increased cell surface presentation corresponding increases activated Helper and/or long-lived Killer T-cell populations that then effectively seek out and work to destroy a patient’s cancer cells.
 
 The Company is also exploiting the emerging field of vaccinomics for the development of vaccines applicable to a broad patient population. TapImmune's immunotherapy technologies are also aimed at the prevention of emerging viral pathogens for pandemics and biodefense.
 
These consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the basis of a going concern which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. As at December 31, 2014, the Company had a working capital deficiency and has incurred significant losses since inception in the development of its business. Further losses are anticipated raising substantial doubt as to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on raising additional capital to fund clinical trials, ongoing research and development, maintenance and protection of patents, accommodation from certain debt obligations and ultimately on generating future profitable operations. Planned expenditures relating to current and future clinical trials of the Company’s immunotherapy vaccine will require significant additional funding. The Company is dependent on future financings to fund ongoing research and development as well as working capital requirements. The Company’s future capital requirements will depend on many factors including the rate and extent of scientific progress in its research and development programs, the timing, cost and scope involved in clinical trials, obtaining regulatory approvals, pursuing further patent protections and the timing and costs of commercialization activities.
 
Management is addressing going concern remediation through seeking new sources of capital, restructuring and retiring debt through conversion to equity and debt settlement arrangements with creditors, cost reduction programs and seeking possible joint venture participation. Management’s plans are intended to return the Company to financial stability and improve continuing operations. The Company is continuing initiatives to raise capital through private placements, related party loans and other institutional sources to meet immediate working capital requirements.

 
F-8

 

 
Historically the Company has raised capital through issuances of various financial instruments and the Company recently completed significant restructuring of outstanding debt and equity instruments into equity. Additional capital is required to expand programs including pre-clinical work and to progress clinical trials for the lead vaccine candidates. Strategic partnerships will be needed to continue the product development portfolio and fund development costs. These measures, if successful, may contribute to reduce the risk of going concern uncertainties for the Company over the next twelve months.
 
There is no certainty that the Company will be able to arrange sufficient funding to satisfy current debt obligations or to continue development of products to marketability.

NOTE 2:SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Basis of Presentation
 
These financial statements are presented in United States dollars and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”).
 
Principles of Consolidation
 
These financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries GeneMax Pharmaceuticals Inc. (“GPI”) and GeneMax Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc. (“GPC”). All significant intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated upon consolidation. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014, the Company dissolved GPC and no longer has any Canadian subsidiary.
 
Use of Estimates
 
Preparation of the Company’s financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts and disclosures. Accordingly, actual results could differ materially from those estimates. Significant areas requiring management’s estimates and assumptions include deferred taxes and related tax balances and disclosures, determining the fair value of stock-based compensation and stock based transactions, the fair value of the components of the convertible notes payable and accrued liabilities. Matters impacting the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern and contingencies also involve the use of estimates and assumptions.
 
Fair Value Measurements
 
The fair value of certain of the Company’s financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accrued compensation, and other accrued liabilities, approximate cost because of their short maturities. The Company measures the fair value of certain of its financial assets and liabilities on a recurring basis. A fair value hierarchy is used to rank the quality and reliability of the information used to determine fair values. Financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value will be classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:
 
 
•   Level 1-Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.
 
 
•   Level 2-Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as unadjusted quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities, unadjusted quoted prices in the markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
 
 
•   Level 3-Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. Financial Instruments and Concentration of Credit Risk.
 
The fair values of cash, accounts payable, and other current monetary liabilities approximate their carrying values due to the immediate or short-term maturity of these financial instruments. The Company’s operations and financing activities are conducted primarily in United States dollars, and as a result the Company is not subject to significant exposure to market risks from changes in foreign currency rates. Unless otherwise noted, it is management's opinion that the Company is not exposed to significant interest or credit risks arising from assets and liabilities classified as financial instruments.
 
Prior Period Reclassifications
 
Certain prior period amounts that were combined in the December 31, 2013 consolidated financial statements have been reclassified for comparability with the December 31, 2014 presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on previously reported net loss.

 
F-9

 

 
Stock-Based Compensation
 
Stock-based compensation is measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award. The fair value of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as expense on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period. The expense recognized for the portion of the award that is expected to vest has been reduced by an estimated forfeiture rate. The forfeiture rate is determined at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.

Expected Term — The expected term of options represents the period that the Company’s stock-based awards are expected to be outstanding based on the simplified method, which is the half-life from vesting to the end of its contractual term.
 
Expected Volatility — The Company computes stock price volatility over expected terms based on its historical common stock trading prices.
 
Risk-Free Interest Rate — The Company bases the risk-free interest rate on the implied yield available on U.S. Treasury zero-coupon issues with an equivalent remaining term.
 
Expected Dividend — The Company has never declared or paid any cash dividends on its common shares and does not plan to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future, and, therefore, uses an expected dividend yield of zero in its valuation models. The Company recognizes fair value of stock options granted to nonemployees as stock-based compensation expense over the period in which the related services are received.
 
Deferred Financing Costs
 
The Company defers direct costs incurred in connection with the sale of common shares which are offset against the proceeds of the financing upon completion. Costs incurred in connection with convertible loans payable are deferred and amortized as a financing cost over the term of the convertible loans. Upon conversion of the loan, any unamortized amount of deferred financing costs will be charged to stockholders’ equity as a cost of financing.
 
Research and Development Costs
 
The Company has acquired development and marketing rights to certain technologies. The rights and licenses acquired are considered rights to unproven technology which may not have alternate future uses and therefore, have been expensed as incurred as research and development costs.
 
Income Taxes
 
The Company follows the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax balances. Potential deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to the taxable income in the years in which those differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on potential deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the date of allowances against deferred tax assets.
 
Derivative Liability
 
The Company evaluates its convertible debt, options, warrants or other contracts to determine if those contracts or embedded components of those contracts qualify as derivatives to be separately accounted for in accordance with ASC 810-10-05-4 and  815-40. This accounting treatment requires that the carrying amount of embedded derivatives be marked-to-market at each balance sheet date and carried at fair value. In the event that the fair value is recorded as a liability, the change in fair value during the period is recorded in the Statement of Operations as either income or expense. Upon conversion, exercise or modification to the terms of a derivative instrument, the instrument is marked to fair value at the conversion date and then the related fair value is reclassified to equity.
 
In circumstances where the embedded conversion option in a convertible instrument is required to be bifurcated and there are also other embedded derivative instruments in the convertible instrument that are required to be bifurcated, the bifurcated derivative instruments are accounted for as a single, compound derivative instrument.
 
The classification of financial instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is re-assessed at the end of each reporting period. Equity instruments that are initially classified as equity that become subject to reclassification are reclassified to liability at the fair value of the instrument on the reclassification date. Derivative instrument liabilities will be classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether or not net-cash settlement of the derivative instrument is expected within 12 months of the balance sheet date.

 
F-10

 

 
In evaluating the application of ASC 815-40, management must determine whether an instrument (or an embedded feature) is indexed to the Company’s own stock. ASC 815-40-15 provides that an entity should use a two-step approach to evaluate whether an equity-linked financial instrument (or embedded feature) is indexed to its own stock, including evaluating the instrument’s contingent exercise and settlement provisions. The application of ASC 815-40-15 has affected the accounting for (i) certain freestanding warrants that contain exercise price adjustment features and (ii) convertible notes containing full-ratchet and anti-dilution protections (iii) certain free standing warrants that contain contingently puttable cash settlement.
 
The Company has evaluated the application ASC 480-10 Distinguishing liabilities from equity, ASC 815-40 Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity and ASC 718-10 Compensation – Stock Compensation to the issued and outstanding warrants to purchase common stock that were issued with the convertible notes, private placements, consulting agreements, and various debt settlements during 2009 through 2012. Based on the guidance, management concluded these instruments are required to be accounted for as derivatives either due to a ratchet down protection feature available on the exercise price (Note 5) or a holder’s right to put the warrants back to the Company for cash under certain conditions or a conversion option feature with conversion into variable number of shares. Under ASC 815-40-25, the Company records the fair value of these warrants and conversion options (derivatives) on its balance sheet, at fair value, with changes in the values reflected in the Statements of Operations as “Changes in fair value of derivative liabilities”. The fair value of the share purchase warrants are recorded on the Balance Sheet under ‘Derivative liability – warrants’ and the fair value of the conversion options are recorded on the Balance Sheet under ‘Derivative liability – conversion option’.
 
Loss per Common Share
 
Basic loss per share is computed by dividing loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. If applicable, diluted earnings per share reflect the potential dilution of securities that could share in the earnings (loss) of the Company. The common shares potentially issuable on conversion of outstanding convertible debentures, warrants and stock options are anti-dilutive and have not been included in the calculation.
 
Net Loss per Share Applicable to Common Stockholders
 
Options, warrants, and convertible debt outstanding were all considered anti-dilutive for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, due to net losses.
 
The following securities were not included in the diluted net loss per share calculation because their effect was anti-dilutive as of the periods presented:

   
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Common stock options
   
65,430
     
65,430
 
Common stock warrants - equity treatment
   
2,556,133
     
25,168
 
Common stock warrants - liability treatment
   
103,284
     
124,284
 
Convertible notes
   
-
     
738,760
 
Excluded potentially dilutive securities
   
2,724,847
     
953,642
 
 
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
 
Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-10, Development Stage Entities (Topic 915): Elimination of Certain Financial Reporting Requirements, Including an Amendment to Variable Interest Entities Guidance in Topic 810, Consolidation removes all incremental financial reporting requirements for development stage entities, including the removal of reporting of the cumulative results of operations and cash flows for the period from inception to the end of the current period. The update is effective for the first annual period beginning after December 15, 2014. Early adoption is permitted, and the Company has adopted this change effective with its form 10-Q filing for the period ending September 30, 2014.
 
 Accounting Standard Update No. ASU 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements—Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern. The amendments in this update are effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter. Early application is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this update on its consolidated financial statements.

 
F-11

 


NOTE 3:ACCOUNTS PAYABLE AND ACCRUED LIABILITIES
 
Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities

   
December 31, 2014
   
December 31, 2013
 
    $     $    
               
 Trade accounts payable
    620,826       1,450,083  
 Share-settled debt
    -       1,348,663  
 Accrued liabilities
    68,448       201,334  
 Employee payroll and severance
    -       220,290  
 Accrued interest
    4,088       558,032  
 
    693,362       3,778,401  
 
During fiscal 2014 the Company converted $2,415,000 accounts payable and accrued liabilities into 1,836,000 shares of common stock. The fair value of the shares, based on the trading price of the stock on the date of conversion, was $4,349,000 and the Company recorded a loss on extinguishment of $1,934,000.

NOTE 4:RESEARCH AGREEMENTS
 
Crucell Holland B.V. (“Crucell”) – Research License and Option Agreement
 
Effective August 7, 2003, Crucell and the Company’s subsidiary GPI entered into a five-year research license and option agreement. In addition, retroactively effective August 7, 2008, the Company negotiated an amended license agreement for the use of Crucell’s adenovirus technology. The Company was required to make annual license payments on the anniversary of the effective date for the three year term equal to $91,000 per annum for three years through December 2011. As of December 31, 2013 and 2014, the Company accrued $492,365 under the amended agreement, inclusive of 15% interest on outstanding amounts.
 
The Company has not made use of the Crucell technology in its current work and has not asked for nor received any work product. Management hopes to settle the outstanding amounts with Crucell in 2015 and formally terminate the research license.

NOTE 5:DERIVATIVE LIABILITY
 
During 2014 the Company entered into numerous extinguishment agreements with various holders. As a result the derivative liability associated with the bifurcated conversion options were extinguished at the date of conversion and recorded in the loss on extinguishment in the Statement of Operations. The inputs utilized in the final mark to market were as follows:
 

   
Weighted Average Inputs for the Period
   
Date of valuation
 
For the Quarter Ending March 31, 2014
   
For the Quarter ending June 30, 2014
 
Total 
Dividend yield (per share)
    0 %     0 %  
Strike price
  $ 1.027     $ 0.88    
Volatility (annual)
    199.00 %     199.00 %  
Risk-free rate
    0.05 %     0.05 %  
Contractual term (years)
    0.24       0.06    
                   
Fair value of Conversion Option at extinguishment
  $ 708,000     $ 4,000  
 $      712,000
 


 
F-12

 

 
A summary of quantitative information with respect to valuation methodology and significant unobservable inputs used for the Company’s common stock purchase warrants that are categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy for the years ended 2014 and 2013 is as follows:
 
December 31, 2013
December 31, 2014
 
Contractual
Life (Years)
Risk free Rate
Dividend yield
Volatility
Contractual
Life (Years)
Risk free Rate
Dividend yield
Volatility
Share purchase warrants
0.85 to 2.78
0.13% to 0.78%
0.00%
199%
1.22 to 3.53
0.25% to 1.10%
0.00%
155.90% to 190.68%
 
The foregoing assumptions are recalculated every reporting period and are subject to change based primarily on management’s assessment of the probability of the events described occurring. Accordingly, changes to these assessments could materially affect the valuations.
 
Financial Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
 
Financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized below and disclosed on the balance sheet under Derivative liability – warrants and Derivative liability – conversion option:
 

   
As of December 31, 2014
 
         
Fair Value Measurements
       
   
Fair Value
   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
   
Total
 
Derivative liability - warrants
  $ 9,415       -       -     $ 9,415     $ 9,415  
Total
  $ 9,415       -       -     $ 9,415     $ 9,415  
 

   
As of December 31, 2013
 
         
Fair Value Measurements
       
   
Carrying Value
   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
   
Total
 
Derivative liability - warrants
  $ 140,504       -       -     $ 140,504     $ 140,504  
Derivative liability – conversion option
    582,300       -       -       582,300       582,300  
Total
  $ 722,804       -       -     $ 722,804     $ 722,804  
 
There were no transfers between Level 1, 2 or 3 during the year ended December 31, 2014.

 
F-13

 

 
The following table presents changes in Level 3 liabilities measured at fair value for the year ended December 31, 2014:
   
Derivative liability – conversion option
   
Derivative liability – warrants
 
Balance – January 1, 2013
  $ 868,000     $ 977,000  
Additions during the year
    811,000       206,000  
Total unrealized (gains) or losses included in net loss
    (1,096,000 )     -  
Change in fair value of warrant liability
    -       (1,043,000 )
Balance – December 31, 2013
  $ 583,000     $ 140,000  
Gain on settlement of debt
    (714,000 )     -  
Change in fair value of conversion option liability
    131,000       -  
Change in fair value of warrant liability
    -       (131,000 )
Balance – December 31, 2014
  $ -     $ 9,000  
 
The valuation of warrants is subjective and is affected by changes in inputs to the valuation model including the price per share of common stock, the historical volatility of the stock price, risk-free rates based on U.S. Treasury security yields, the expected term of the warrants and dividend yield. Changes in these assumptions can materially affect the fair value estimate. The Company could ultimately incur amounts to settle the warrant at a cash settlement value that is significantly different than the carrying value of the liability on the financial statements. The Company will continue to classify the fair value of the warrants as a liability until the warrants are exercised, expire, or are amended in a way that would no longer require these warrants to be classified as a liability. Changes in the fair value of the common stock warrants liability are recognized as a component of other income (expense) in the Statements of Operations.
 
The net cash settlement value at the time of any future transactions, where the Company consolidates or merges with another entity, will depend upon the value of the following inputs at that time: the consideration value per share of the Company’s common stock, the volatility of the Company’s common stock, the remaining term of the warrant from announcement date, the risk-free interest rate based on U.S. Treasury security yields, and the Company’s dividend yield. The warrant requires use of a volatility assumption equal to the greater of 100% and the 100-day volatility function determined as of the trading day immediately following announcement of a Fundamental Transaction.


 
F-14

 


NOTE 6:CONVERTIBLE NOTES PAYABLE
 
The following table summarizes the Company’s outstanding convertible note obligations:

       
Stated
       
Principal Balance Outstanding
 
Issue Date
 
Maturity Date
 
Interest
Rate
   
Conversion Terms
 
December 31,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
 
2/24/2011
 
2/24/2014
   
10.0
%
 
Variable at $25.00
   
$        -
   
$ 980,858
 
4/4/2011
 
4/4/2014
   
10.0
%
 
Variable at $25.00
   
-
   
215,000
 
6/6/2011
 
6/6/2014
   
10.0
%
 
Variable at $25.00
   
-
   
30,000
 
8/12/2012
 
11/12/2012
   
10.0
%
 
Variable at $9.00
   
-
   
27,500
 
8/20/2012
 
8/20/2013
   
8.0
%
 
Variable at $9.00
   
-
   
20,000
 
10/15/2012
 
10/15/2013
   
8.0
%
 
Variable at $12.00
   
-
   
340,000
 
11/20/2012
 
11/20/2013
   
5.0
%
 
Variable at $9.00
   
-
   
10,748
 
12/18/2012
 
12/14/2013
   
9.0
%
 
Fixed at $10.00
   
-
   
50,000
 
1/5/2013
 
5/31/2014
   
None
   
Fixed at $8.00
   
-
   
452,729
 
1/31/2013
 
5/31/2014
   
None
   
Fixed at $4.00
   
-
   
24,135
 
2/27/2013
 
2/27/2014
   
5.0
%
 
Variable at $9.00
   
-
   
58,500
 
4/2/2013
 
6/2/2013
   
8.0
%
 
Fixed at $7.00
   
-
   
80,967
 
4/18/2013
 
12/18/2013
   
8.0
%
 
Fixed at $7.00
   
-
   
31,688
 
5/2/2013
 
5/31/2014
   
10.0
%
 
Variable at $3.44
   
-
   
50,000
 
5/5/2013
 
7/5/2013
   
8.0
%
 
Fixed at $7.00
   
-
   
45,000
 
5/14/2013
 
5/14/2014
   
8.0
%
 
Fixed at $6.00
   
-
   
126,000
 
6/27/2013
 
6/27/2014
   
5.0
%
 
Variable at $9.00
   
-
   
37,620
 
6/19/2013
 
6/19/2014
   
10.0
%
 
Variable at $9.00
   
-
   
32,000
 
7/12/2013
 
7/12/2014
   
8.0
%
 
Fixed at $3.00
   
-
   
96,800
 
10/18/2013
 
4/18/2014
   
None
   
Variable at $1.00
   
-
   
94,444
 
11/1/2013
 
5/1/2014
   
None
   
Variable at $1.00
   
-
   
80,000
 
12/19/2013
 
6/19/2014
   
None
   
Variable at $1.00
   
-
   
277,222
 
12/23/2013
 
6/23/2014
   
10.0
%
 
Fixed at $7.00
   
-
   
536,400
 
                               
   
Total convertible notes
 
$
-
 
$
3,697,611
 
   
Unamortized note discount
   
-
   
(535,634)
 
   
Total on Balance sheet
 
$
-
 
$
3,161,977
 

 
Issuance of Convertible Preferred Stock
 
During the year the Company issued $418,000 of convertible notes.  The notes carried no interest rate and were converted shortly thereafter (see Extinguishment loss) into preferred stock and immediately into common stock.
 
Debt converted to Preferred Stock and immediately converted into common stock
 
During the year, note holders that included Convertible notes, Loans payable, Promissory notes-related party & Due to related party exchanged approximately $4.7 million of debt and $0.5 million of accrued interest for shares of preferred stock, which was immediately converted into 14.0 million shares of common stock with a fair value of approximately $31 million. The total loss on extinguishment associated with the note conversions was $24.9 million, which includes the extinguishment of the derivative liability – conversion option of $0.7 million.

NOTE 7:LOANS PAYABLE
 
As at December 31, 2014, there were unsecured loan payable in the amount of $nil (December 31, 2013 - $42,200). During the year ended December 31, 2014, investors converted $37,000 and a related party converted $5,200 of the loan into preferred stock which was immediately converted into common stock (see note 6).

 
F-15

 


NOTE 8:PROMISSORY NOTES, RELATED PARTY
 
The Company has outstanding promissory notes in the amount of $52,942 (December 31, 2013 - $277,942), of which $23,000 of promissory notes are from an officer and a director of the Company. The promissory notes bear no interest charges and have no fixed repayment terms.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2014, a note holder converted outstanding principal of $210,000 and accrued interest of $12,000 into preferred stock which was immediately converted into common shares (see note 6).
 
During the year ended December 31, 2014, $15,000 (2013 - $nil) of the promissory notes were repaid to an officer and director of the Company.
 
NOTE 9:DUE TO RELATED PARTIES
 
During the year ended December 31, 2014 the Company has outstanding promissory notes in the amount of $nil (December 31, 2013 - $369,000). During the fiscal year 2014, the related parties converted the notes of $369,000 into preferred stock which was immediately converted into common stock (See note 6).
 
NOTE 10:  CAPITAL STOCK
 
Stock Split and increase in authorized shares
 
On February 18, 2014, the Company completed a reverse stock split thereby issuing 1 new share for each 100 outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock and amended the Company’s Articles of Incorporation to increase the authorized shares of common stock from 150,000,000 shares of common stock to 500,000,000 shares.
 
Share Capital
 
On January 6, 2014, the Company designated 1,250,000 Series A preferred shares par value $0.001 (“Series A Convertible Preferred Stock”). Each share of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock automatically converted into five (5) shares of the Company’s common stock upon the occurrence of the 1:100 reverse stock split.
 
On February 18, 2014, the Company created a class of up to 1,500,000 preferred shares, par value $0.001, called Series B convertible preferred stock (“Series B Convertible Preferred Stock”). The terms of the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock are:
 
 
·
rank pari passu to the common stock with respect to rights on liquidation, winding up and dissolution;
 
 
·
have no dividend rights except as may be declared by the Board in its sole and absolute discretion;
 
 
·
shall have the right to cast one thousand (1,000) votes for each share held of record on all matters submitted to a vote of holders of the Corporation’s common stock; and
 
 
·
shall automatically convert into seven (7) shares of common upon the occurrence of a 1:100 reverse stock split.
 
All prior period share transactions included in the Company’s stock transactions and balances have been retroactively restated for the reverse stock splits described above. There are no shares outstanding under preferred shares as of December 31, 2014.
 
2014 Share Transactions
 
Consulting services
 
During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company issued in aggregate 811,000 shares of common stock in exchange for consulting services for which performance was complete. The fair value of the common stock recognized was approximately $954,000.
 
Private placements
 
During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with a single institutional investor for the sale of 1,886,792 units at a purchase price of $1.06 per unit, for a total purchase price of $1,836,000, net of finders’ fee of $164,000. Each unit consists of one common share and one share purchase warrant exercisable at $1.17 for a period of 5 years. The Company also issued 94,340 placement agent share purchase warrants to acquire an equivalent number of common shares of the Company, at an exercise price of $1.325 per share for an exercise period of up to five years from the issuance date. The warrants were included within equity. The fair value of these warrants was determined to be $111,000, using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model with a contractual term of 5 years, a risk free interest rate of 1.66%, a dividend yield of 0%, and an expected volatility of 150.3%.

 
F-16

 
 
During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company received subscription proceeds of $265,000 for 265,000 units. Each unit consists of one share of common stock and one share purchase warrant exercisable at $2.50 for a period of 3 years. The Company also issued 5,250 shares of common stock as finders’ fee relating to the subscription proceeds. The fair value of the common stock was determined to be $5,250.
 
Stock Compensation Plan
 
On October 14, 2009, the Company adopted the 2009 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2009 Plan”) which supersedes and replaces the 2007 Stock Plan. The 2009 Plan allows for the issuance of up to 100,000 common shares. Options granted under the Plan shall be at prices and for terms as determined by the Board of Directors.
 
The expensed portion of the value of the granted and vested options during the year ended December 31, 2014 was $15,000 (2013 - $132,093) which was recorded as stock based consulting and management fees.
 
Share purchase options
 
A summary of the Company’s stock options as of December 31, 2014 and 2013 and changes during the years is presented below:
 
   
Number of
Options
   
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
   
Weighted Average
Remaining Life
 
                   
Balance, December 31, 2012
    65,430       18.00       6.05  
  Issued
    -       -       -  
  Cancelled/Forfeited
    -       -       -  
                         
Balance, December 31, 2013
    65,430       18.00       5.04  
  Issued
    -       -       -  
  Cancelled/Forfeited
    -       -       -  
Balance, December 31, 2014
    65,430     $ 18.00       4.04  
 
At December 31, 2014, the intrinsic value of the vested options was equal to $nil (2013 - $nil).
 
A summary of the status of the Company’s unvested options as of December 31, 2014 is presented below:
 
   
Number of
Shares
   
Weighted Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
 
             
Unvested, December 31, 2013
    1,111     $ 18.00  
  Granted
    -       -  
  Vested
    (833 )     18.00  
  Cancelled
    -       -  
                 
Unvested, December 31, 2014
    278     $ 18.00  
 
Share Purchase Warrants
 
In September, 2014, the Company issued 100,000 share purchase warrants to acquire an equivalent number of common shares of the Company, at an exercise price of $1.15 per share for an exercise period of up to five years from the issuance date. The warrants were issued pursuant to a service agreement. The fair value of these warrants was determined to be $105,000, using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model with a contractual term of 5 years, a risk free interest rate of 1.63%, a dividend yield of 0%, and an annual volatility of 150.18%.
 
In March, 2014, the Company issued 100,000 share purchase warrants to acquire an equivalent number of common shares of the Company, at an exercise price of $4.00 per share for an exercise period of up to four years from the issuance date. The warrants were issued pursuant to a technology option agreement. The fair value of these warrants was determined to be $303,000 and was recorded in general and administrative expenses. The weighted average assumptions used for the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to value these warrants were: volatility of 156.6%, risk free rate of 1.4%, term of 4 years and dividend rate of 0%. The Company used the Black-Scholes option-pricing model as the resultant fair value is not significantly different than the Monte Carlo option pricing model. In August 2014, the Company repriced the 100,000 warrants by reducing the exercise price from $4.00 to $1.06. As a result, the Company recorded incremental fair value of $14,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014.

 
F-17

 

 
A summary of the Company’s share purchase warrants as of December 31, 2014 and changes during the year is presented below:
   
Number of
Warrants
   
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
   
Weighted Average
Remaining Life
 
                   
Balance, December 31, 2013
    149,452       25.85       2.76  
  Issued
    2,546,132       1.30       4.23  
  Exercised
    -       -       -  
  Extinguished or expired
    (36,167 )     40.00       -  
Balance, December 31, 2014
    2,659,417     $ 1.83       4.15  
 
NOTE 11:  INCOME TAXES
 
The income tax provision (benefit) for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 are as follows:

   
Year Ended
   
Year Ended
 
   
December 31, 2014
   
December 31, 2013
 
             
             
Federal:
           
    Current
  $ -     $ -  
    Deferred
    (1,265,000 )     (1,321,000 )
                 
State:
               
    Current
    -       -  
    Deferred
    -       -  
      (1,265,000 )     (1,321,000 )
Change in valuation allowance
    1,265,000       1,321,000  
Income tax provision (benefit)
  $ -     $ -  

The effects of temporary differences that give rise to significant portions of the deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2014 and 2013 are as follows:

   
Year Ended
   
Year Ended
 
   
December 31, 2014
   
December 31, 2013
 
             
Deferred tax assets:
           
  Ney operating loss carryforwards
  $ 10,433,000     $ 9,174,000  
  Stock-based compensation
  $ 1,871,000     $ 1,866,000  
  Technology licensing fee
    167,000       167,000  
Total deferred tax assets
    12,471,000       11,207,000  
  Valuation allowance
    (12,471,000 )     (11,207,000 )
Deferred tax assets, net of valuation allowance
  $ -     $ -  

The Company assesses the likelihood that deferred tax assets will be realized.  To the extent that realization is not likely, a valuation allowance is established.  Based upon the history of losses, management believes that it is more likely than not that future benefits of deferred tax assets will not be realized and has established a full valuation allowance for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013.
 
The Company has not filed U.S tax returns since inception, but is in the process of filing tax returns for the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, and 2009. The Net operating losses (“NOLs”) will not be available to reduce future taxable income until the returns are filed. Assuming these returns are filed, as of December 31, 2014 and 2013, the Company has approximately $30,686,428 and $26,982,085, respectively, of federal NOLs that may be available to offset future taxable income, if any.  The federal net operating loss carryforwards, if not utilized, will expire beginning in 2023.

 
F-18

 

 
The Company has also not filed any Canadian tax returns for GPC, which was dissolved in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2014. The Company could be subject to fines and penalties for not filing the tax returns. The Company does not know the quantum of such fines and penalties, if any, and no liabilities have been accrued in the fiscal year 2014.
 
In accordance with Section 382 of the Internal Revenue code, the usage of the Company’s net operating loss carryforwards may be limited in the event of a change in ownership.  A full Section 382 analysis has not been prepared and NOLs could be subject to limitation under Section 382.
 
For the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, the expected tax expense (benefit) based on the U.S. federal statutory rate is reconciled with the actual tax provision (benefit) as follows:

   
Year Ended
   
Year Ended
 
   
December 31, 2014
   
December 31, 2013
 
             
U.S. federal statutory rate
  $ (10,449,000 )   $ (1,881,000 )
                 
  Permanent differences
               
    - Non-cash loss on extinguishment of debt
    9,122,000       893,000  
     -Other permanent differences
    62,000       (334,000 )
  Change in valuation allowance
    1,265,000       1,322,000  
Income tax provision (benefit)
  $ -     $ -  

 
ASC 740 prescribes a recognition threshold and a measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return.  For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities.  As of December 31, 2014 and 2013, there were no unrecognized tax benefits.  The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties as income tax expense.  No amounts were accrued for the payment of interest and penalties at December 31, 2014 and 2013.  The Company is currently not aware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals or material deviation from its position in the next year.
 
NOTE 12:CONTINGENCIES AND COMMITMENTS
 
Contingencies:
 
Consultant Litigation
 
In May 2012, the Company issued 112,000 post-consolidated shares of common stock to two consultants. The Company contested the validity of the services provided and initially were able to delay the sale of the contested shares. The Company was not successful in recovering the contested shares. A claim for alleged damages of approximately $362,000 plus costs by one of the consultants as a result of the contesting of the issuance of the shares has been filed in the Supreme Court of New York. The claim is for damages on the difference between market price at the time the Company was able to delay the sale of his shares and the market price at the time of the sale of all of his shares. As the result of a judicial decision in New York the consultant received a bond payment of approximately $100,000 that the Company had used to secure a temporary restraining order against the issuance of stock to him. Following hearings at the International Arbitration Tribunal held in New York on May 13-16 the arbitrator ordered (on July 18, 2014) the consultant to pay Tapimmune $196,204 plus 9% interest from the date of the award. The Company is attempting to collect the award from Mr. Gardner.
 
The law firm that we used to pursue the Gardner Action was awarded a judgment against us for $210,255 of unpaid legal fees (“G&S Judgment”). Shareholders of the Company acquired the G&S Judgment in full, converted that Judgment into preferred shares of the Company (which in turn converted into common stock) and subsequently released the Company from any liability related thereto.
 
On July 18, 2014, the International Center for Dispute Resolution International Arbitration Tribunal issued a Final Award in the matter of TapImmune Inc. vs. Michael Gardner awarding TapImmune $196,204 plus post-award interest at a rate of 9% per year. This award stemmed from the dispute discussed above with Mr. Gardner regarding the May 2012 consulting agreement. The arbitrator found that we were fraudulently induced into entering said agreement through “1) misrepresentations as to what he would or could do for the Company, including raising funds, and 2) omissions about his reputation and ability to obtain or assist in obtaining financing for TapImmune” among other reasons. We are attempting to collect the award from Mr. Gardner.

 
F-19

 
 
One of our suppliers, Fischer Scientific was awarded a judgment against us for $51,000 which is equal to the amount owed to them. We intend on settling that matter in the second quarter of 2015.

NOTE 13:SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
 
 
1.
On January 12, 2015, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with certain accredited investors for the sale of 7,320,000 units at a purchase price of $0.20 per unit, for a total purchase price of approximately $1,250,000, net of finders’ fee and offering expenses of approximately $214,000. Each unit consisting of (i) one share of the Company’s Common Stock, (ii) one Series A warrant to purchase one share of common stock, (iii) one Series B warrant to purchase one share of common stock (iv) one Series C warrant to purchase one share of common stock, (v) one Series D warrant to purchase one share of common stock, and (vi) one Series E warrant to purchase one share of common stock (the Series A, B, C, D and E warrants collectively, the “January 2015 Warrants”). Series A warrants are exercisable at $1.50 per share, with a five year term. Series B warrants are exercisable at $0.40 per share, with a six month term. Series C warrants are exercisable at $1.00 per share, with a five year term. Series D warrants are exercisable at $0.75 per share only if and to the extent that the Series B warrants are exercised, with a five year term from the date that the Series B warrants are exercised. Series E warrants are exercisable at $1.25 per share, only if and to the extent that the Series C warrants are exercised, with a five year term from the date that the Series C warrants are exercised.
 
Pursuant to a placement agent agreement, the Company agreed to issue warrants to purchase an aggregate of up to 5% of the aggregate number of shares of common stock sold in the offering to the placement agents. The placement agent warrants have substantially the same terms as the January 2015 Warrants.
 
 
2.
On March 9, 2015, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with certain accredited investors for the sale of 5,000,000 units at a purchase price of $0.20 per unit, for a total purchase price of approximately $950,000, net of finders’ fee and offering expenses of approximately $50,000. Each unit consisting of (i) one share of the Company’s Common Stock, (ii) one Series A warrant to purchase one share of common stock, (iii) one Series B warrant to purchase one share of common stock (iv) one Series C warrant to purchase one share of common stock, (v) one Series D warrant to purchase one share of common stock, and (vi) one Series E warrant to purchase one share of common stock (the Series A, B, C, D and E warrants collectively, the “March 2015 Warrants”). The March 2015 Warrants have substantially the same terms as the January 2015 Warrants.
 
Pursuant to a placement agent agreement, the Company agreed to issue warrants to purchase an aggregate of up to 2.5% of the aggregate number of shares of common stock sold in the offering to the placement agents. The placement agent warrants have substantially the same terms as the March 2015 Warrants.
 
 
F-20

 

 
ITEM 9.  CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE
 
We have had no disagreements with our principal independent accountants.
 
ITEM 9A.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
Our management, with the participation of our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, as of the end of the period covered by this report. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on such evaluation, our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer have concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, our disclosure controls and procedures are not effective in recording, processing, summarizing and reporting, on a timely basis, information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act.
 
It should be noted that any system of controls is based in part upon certain assumptions designed to obtain reasonable (and not absolute) assurance as to its effectiveness, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals.
 
Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
The management of the Company is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as required by Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) Section 404 A. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed under the supervision of the Company’s Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of the Company’s financial statements for external purposes in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“US GAAP”).
 
As of December 31, 2014, management assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on the criteria for effective internal control over financial reporting established in Internal Control -Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”) and SEC guidance on conducting such assessments. Based on that evaluation, they concluded that, as at December 31, 2014 such internal controls and procedures were not effective to detect the inappropriate application of US GAAP rules as more fully described below.
 
The matters involving internal controls and procedures that the Company’s management considered to be material weaknesses under the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board were: (1) inadequate entity level controls due to an ineffective audit committee resulting from the presence of only one of independent member on the current audit committee and the presence of only one outside director on our board of directors; (2) inadequate segregation of duties consistent with control objectives; (3) insufficient written policies and procedures for accounting and financial reporting with respect to the requirements and application of US GAAP and SEC disclosure requirements; and (4) ineffective controls over period end financial disclosure and reporting processes.
 
Management believes that none of the material weaknesses set forth above had a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial results for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014 but management is concerned that the material weakness in entity level controls set forth in item (1) results in ineffective oversight in the establishment and monitoring of required internal controls and procedures, it could result in a material misstatement in our financial statements in future periods.
 
We are committed to improving our financial organization. As part of this commitment, we intend to continue to enhance our internal control over financial reporting by: i) expanding our personnel, ii) improving segregated duties consistent with control objectives, iii) appointing more outside directors to our board of directors who shall be appointed to our audit committee resulting in a fully functioning audit committee who will undertake the oversight in the establishment and monitoring of required internal controls and procedures such as reviewing and approving estimates and assumptions made by management; and iv) preparing and implementing sufficient written policies and checklists which will set forth procedures for accounting and financial reporting with respect to the requirements and application of US GAAP and SEC disclosure requirements.

 
21

 
 
 
Management believes that the appointment of one or more outside directors, who shall be appointed to a fully functioning audit committee, will remedy the ineffective audit committee. To this end, Sherry Grisewood was appointed to our audit Committee in 2013. In addition, management believes that preparing and implementing sufficient written policies and checklists will remedy the following material weaknesses (i) insufficient written policies and procedures for accounting and financial reporting with respect to the requirements and application of US GAAP and SEC disclosure requirements; and (ii) ineffective controls over period end financial close and reporting processes. Further, management believes that the hiring of additional personnel will result in improved segregation of duties and provide more checks and balances within the financial reporting department.
 
We will continue to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of our internal controls and procedures over financial reporting on an ongoing basis and are committed to taking further action by implementing additional enhancements or improvements, or deploying additional human resources as may be deemed necessary.
 
This annual report does not include an attestation report of the Company’s registered public accounting firm regarding internal controls over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by the Company’s registered public accounting firm pursuant to the temporary rules of the SEC that permit the Company to provide only management’s report in this annual report.
 
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during our fourth fiscal quarter of our fiscal year ended December 31, 2014  that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
ITEM 9B.  OTHER INFORMATION
 
Not applicable.
 
PART III
 
ITEM 10.  DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
 
Our directors and executive officers and their respective ages as of the date of this annual report are as follows:
 
Name
 
Age
 
Position with the Company
Glynn Wilson
    68  
Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, Principal Executive Officer and a Director
Mark Reddish
    60  
Vice President  Development
Sherry Grisewood
    62  
Independent Board Member
David Laskow-Pooley
    [--]  
Independent Board Member
 
The following describes the business experience of each of our directors and executive officers, including other directorships held in reporting companies:
 
Glynn Wilson, Ph.D., Chief Executive Officer and Chairman
 
Dr. Wilson brings an extensive background of success in corporate management and product development with tenures in both major multinational pharmaceutical companies and start-up pharmaceutical/biotech organizations. Dr. Wilson's former positions include Head of Drug Delivery at SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, Research Area Head in Advanced Drug Delivery at Ciba-Geigy Pharmaceuticals, and President and co-founder of Auriga Pharmaceuticals. As Executive Vice President of R&D at Tacora Corporation he was responsible for merging the Company with Access Pharmaceuticals. He is a recognized leader in the development of drug delivery systems and has been involved in taking lead products & technologies from concept to commercialization. Glynn has a Ph.D. in Biochemistry and conducted medical research at The Rockefeller University, New York. He has been on the Board of TapImmune for 5 years.


 
22

 

Mark Reddish, Director
 
Mark was formerly Vice President of Product Development and Principal Investigator, Biodefense at ID Biomedical, Bothell, WA, prior to the acquisition of the company by Glaxo SmithKline for $1.6 billion. At Biomira Inc, (renamed Oncothyreon) he was responsible for preclinical development of their cancer vaccines program where he led the early research and clinical development of Stimuvax, which is currently in late Stage 3 clinical trials under a partnership with Merck KGa. Mark brings thirty years of biomedical experience ranging from clinical and academic research to industrial product development and has already brought significant value and insight to TapImmune as a member of the scientific advisory board. He has over 50 publications and a number of issued and pending patents in the area of vaccine technologies.

Sherry Grisewood, Director
 
Sherry Grisewood, CFA, has over 25 years securities industry experience in a range of investment banking, advisory and research-related activities. She is currently associated with Dawson James Securities Inc in a senior banking analytical role. Prior to joining Dawson James, she most recently inaugurated a Lifesciences specialty practice as Managing Director, Lifesciences and Technology Banking for Tripoint Global Equities. Prior to Tripoint, Ms. Grisewood served as Senior Life Sciences Banker at Jesup & Lamont Securities Corp. and as an independent strategic advisor and consultant for several investment banks over the prior 12 year period. She has participated in over 50 transaction-related projects involving initial public offerings, secondary offerings, PIPE’s, private equity, M&A and licensing transactions. These deals and projects represented US, Canadian, Scandinavian, UK, Chinese and Australian clients with advanced technologies and the development of nucleic acid therapeutics and delivery systems in the life sciences such as those addressing nucleic acid therapeutics, regenerative medicine, CNS diseases, or leading edge technologies for lifescience special situations. Prior to consulting for investment banks, Ms. Grisewood served as Director of Research for several mid-tier brokerage companies and a leading independent investment research company.
 
Ms. Grisewood holds a Bachelor of Science degree (Highest Honors, 4.0GPA) in Life Science from Ramapo College of New Jersey. She is a member of the American Society of Gene and Cell Therapy, the Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Society International, the Society of Biomaterials, the CFA Institute and the NY Society of Security Analysts.
 
David Laskow-Pooley
 
Mr. Laskow-Pooley is currently CEO of LondonPharma Ltd, a clinical stage company re-purposing approved drugs through novel drug delivery technologies and is the Co-founder of Pharmafor Ltd. He was formerly Managing Director (UK) of Nasdaq- listed drug discovery platform company, OSI, and was part of the corporate team that developed and launched Tarceva for the treatment of lung cancer with marketing partners Roche and Genentech. He has had a distinguished career in multinational pharmaceutical companies including Glaxo SmithKline and Abbott, in addition to InVitrogen (Biotech Life Sciences) and Amersham, now GE Healthcare (Diagnostic Imaging). He currently serves as a non-executive director and Chairman of OBN Ltd, an industry representative for small to medium enterprises (SME's) in the UK.
 
Term of Office
 
Our directors are appointed for a one-year term to hold office until the next annual general meeting of our stockholders or until they resign or are removed from the board in accordance with our bylaws. Our officers are appointed by our Board of Directors and hold office until they resign or are removed from office by the Board of Directors.
 
Significant Employees
 
On December 31, 2014 we had 1 full-time employee and a number of management and scientific consultants.
 
Audit Committee
 
Our Board of Directors has established an Audit Committee which functions pursuant to a written charter adopted by our Board of Directors in March 2004. The members of our Audit Committee as of December 31, 2014 were Dr. Wilson, Mr. Reddish and Ms. Grisewood.

 
23

 

 
Our Board of Directors has determined that our Audit Committee does not have a member that qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert” as defined in Item 407(d)(5)(ii) of Regulation S-K. Our Board of Directors believes that it is capable of analyzing and evaluating our financial statements and understanding internal controls and procedures for financial reporting and that retaining an independent director who would qualify as an “audit committee financial expert” would be overly costly and burdensome at this time. In March 2013, the Company appointed Sherry Grisewood to the Board of Directors. Ms. Grisewood has over 25 years of securities industry experience in a range of investment banking, advisory and research-related activities. Ms. Grisewood is leading the audit committee.
 
Compensation Committee
 
Dr. Wilson and Ms. Grisewood serve on our compensation committee, which is now led by Ms. Grisewood.
 
Scientific Advisory Board
 
On March 19, 2014, we established the scientific advisory board. Also, on that date, Dr. Keith Knutson was appointed as chairman of the Scientific Advisory Board.
 
Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings
 
None of our directors, executive officers or control persons has been involved in any of the following events during the past five years: (i) any bankruptcy petition filed by or against any business of which such person was a general partner or executive officer either at the time of the bankruptcy or within two years prior to that time; (ii) any conviction in a criminal proceeding or being subject to a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and other minor offences); (iii) being subject to any order, judgment or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any court of competent jurisdiction, permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting his involvement in any type of business, securities or banking activities; or (iv) being found by a court of competent jurisdiction (in a civil action), the SEC or the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law, and the judgment has not been reversed, suspended or vacated.
 
Code of Conduct
 
We have adopted a Code of Conduct policy that applies to all directors and officers. The code describes the legal, ethical and regulatory standards that must be followed by the directors and officers of the Company and sets forth high standards of business conduct applicable to each director and officer. A copy of the Code of Conduct can be viewed on our website at the following URL: http://www.tapimmune.com/investors/corporate_info/
 
Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act
 
Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires our directors and officers, and the persons who beneficially own more than 10% of our common stock, to file reports of ownership and changes in ownership with the SEC. Copies of all filed reports are required to be furnished to us pursuant to Rule 16a-3 promulgated under the Exchange Act. Based solely on the reports received by us and on the representations of the reporting persons, we believe that these persons have complied with all applicable filing requirements during the Year Ended December 31, 2014.

 
24

 
 
ITEM 11.EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
 
Compensation Discussion and Analysis
 
The following table sets forth the compensation paid to our executive officers for their services as executive officers during our fiscal years ended December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013:
 
Summary Compensation Table
Name and Principal
Position
Year
Salary
($)
Bonus
($)
Stock
Awards
($)
Option
Awards
($)
All Other
Compen-sation
($)
Total
($)
Glynn Wilson
Chairman, CEO and Principal Executive Officer and Acting Principal Accounting Officer
2014
2013
180,000
180,000
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
180,000
180,000
               
Mark Reddish
VP Development
2014
2013
15,000
60,000
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
15,000
60,000
               
 
The amounts represent fees paid or accrued by us to the executive officers during the past year pursuant to various employment and consulting services agreements, as between us and the executive officers, which are described below. Our executive officers are also reimbursed for any out-of-pocket expenses incurred in connection with corporate duties. We presently have no pension, health, annuity, insurance, profit sharing or similar benefit plans.
 
The following table sets forth information as at December 31, 2014 relating to outstanding equity awards for each Named Executive Officer:
 
Outstanding Equity Awards at Year End Table
Name
Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options
(exercisable)
Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options
(unexercisable)
Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Unearned
Options
Option
Exercise
Price
Option
Expiration
Date
Glynn Wilson
Chairman, CEO and Principal Executive Officer
 400
16,000(1)
   1,600(1)
 20,000(1)
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
  $17.00(2)
  $17.00(2)
$17.00
$19.00
07/06/17
10/14/19
02/16/21
03/16/16
 
Mark Reddish
VP Development
 
2,000
2,500
 
Nil
Nil
 
Nil
Nil
 
$17.00
$18.00
 
02/16/21
04/30/22
(1)
The plan under which these shares were issued was approved by the Board of Directors and the shareholders in 2009 but did not come into effect until February 22, 2010.
(2)
Effective February 16, 2011, the option exercise price was reduced to $17.00.

 
25

 

 
The following table sets forth information relating to compensation paid to our directors for their services as directors in the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014, and excludes compensation paid to our directors for their services as executive officers:
 
Director Compensation Table
Name
 
Fees
Earned or
Paid in
Cash
Stock
Awards
($)
Option
Awards
($)
All Other
Compensation
($)
Total
($)
Glynn Wilson
 
Nil
 
Nil
 
Nil
 
Nil
 
Nil
 
Sherry Grisewood
 
Nil
 
Nil
 
Nil
 
Nil
 
Nil
 
Mark Reddish
 
Nil
 
Nil
 
Nil
 
Nil
 
Nil
 
 
Employment, Consulting and Services Agreements
 
In November 2013, the Company entered into an advisory agreement with a consultant to provide expertise in the areas of finance, corporate restructuring and corporate development to the management and board of TapImmune for a one year term. The advisory agreement provides for an advisory fee of $10,000 per month from November 2013 to May 2014 for six months, extended for additional six months. The advisory agreement has been renewed for another 12 months expiring December 31,  2015. The Company also granted 250,000 shares to the consultant (his company) post restructuring of the Company’s debt.
 
We have a compensation committee that is comprised of Dr. Wilson and Ms. Grisewood. All compensation is recommended and resolved by the compensation committee and board of directors.
 
ITEM 12.  SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS
 
The following table sets forth, as of the date of this Annual Report certain information regarding the ownership of our common stock by (i) each person known by us to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of our outstanding shares of common stock, (ii) each of our directors, (iii) our Principal Executive Officer and (iv) all of our executive officers and directors as a group. Unless otherwise indicated, the address of each person shown is c/o TapImmune Inc., 1551 Eastlake Avenue East, Suite 100, Seattle, Washington, 98102. Beneficial ownership, for purposes of this table, includes options to purchase common stock that are either currently exercisable or will be exercisable within 60 days of the date of this annual report.

 
26

 

 

Name and Address of Beneficial Owner
 
Amount and
Nature of
Beneficial Owner(1)
   
Percent of Class
 
Directors and Officers:
           
Glynn Wilson
1551 Eastlake Avenue East, Suite 100, Seattle, Washington
    844,970 (2)     2.59 %
                 
Mark Reddish, VP Development
1551 Eastlake Avenue East, Suite 100, Seattle, Washington
    229,500 (3)  
<1.00
 %
Sherry Grisewood
1551 Eastlake Avenue East, Suite 100, Seattle, Washington
    28,329    
<1.0
%
All executive officers and directors as a group (3 persons)
    1,102,799       3.38 %
                 
Major Stockholders:
               
Eastern Capital Limited
    30,000,000 (4)     52.0 %
Empery Asset Management
    3,622,099 (5)     9.99 %
Brio Capital Master Fund
    30,000,000 (4)     52.0 %
Iroquios Capital Management
    3,622,099 (5)     9.99 %
Brio
               
 
 (1) Under Rule 13d-3, a beneficial owner of a security includes any person who, directly or indirectly, through any contract, arrangement, understanding, relationship, or otherwise has or shares: (i) voting power, which includes the power to vote, or to direct the voting of shares; and (ii) investment power, which includes the power to dispose or direct the disposition of shares. Certain shares may be deemed to be beneficially owned by more than one person (if, for example, persons share the power to vote or the power to dispose of the shares). In addition, shares are deemed to be beneficially owned by a person if the person has the right to acquire the shares (for example, upon exercise of an option) within 60 days of the date as of which the information is provided. In computing the percentage ownership of any person, the amount of shares outstanding is deemed to include the amount of shares beneficially owned by such person (and only such person) by reason of these acquisition rights. As a result, the percentage of outstanding shares of any person as shown in this table does not necessarily reflect the person’s actual ownership or voting power with respect to the number of shares of common stock actually outstanding as of the date of this Annual Report. As of the date of this Annual Report, there were 32,638,810 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.
 (2)
This figure includes (i) 806,970 shares of common stock; and (ii) 18,000 options to acquire an equivalent number of common shares at $17 for 5 years and 20,000 options to acquire an equivalent number of common shares at $19 for 5 years.
 (3)
This figure includes (i) 225,000 shares of common stock; and (ii) 2,000 vested options exercisable at $17 and 2,500 vested options exercisable at $18.
 (4)
This figure includes 5,000,000 shares of common stock issued to Eastern Capital Limited in March 2015 (we have not verified that Eastern Capital Limited still holds these shares) and 5,000,000 shares underlying warrants exercisable at $0.40, 5,000,000 shares underlying warrants exercisable at $0.75, 5,000,000 shares underlying warrants exercisable at $1.00, 5,000,000 shares underlying warrants exercisable at $1.25 and 5,000,000 shares underlying warrants exercisable at $1.50.
 (5)
This figure includes 1,434,453 shares of common stock issued to this shareholder in January 2015 (we have not verified that this shareholder still holds these shares, and we have assumed that the shareholder no longer holds shares issued to it in August 2014) and 2,187,646 shares underlying Series B and Series C Warrants.  The Series B and Series C warrants held by this shareholder are subject to a 9.9% “blocker” such that at no time may it exercise any such warrants if that exercise would increase its beneficial ownership over 9.99% of the then outstanding shares of common stock.  We have not verified that this shareholder has not transferred its Series B or Series C warrants, and this table does not take into account any shares underlying warrants that we deem would make the shareholder’s beneficial ownership of our common stock exceed any blockers in warrants held by this shareholder.
 (6)
This figure includes 2,500,000 shares of common stock issued to this shareholder in January 2015 (we have not verified that this shareholder still holds these shares) and 1,137,646 shares underlying Series B and Series C Warrants.  The Series B and Series C warrants held by this shareholder are subject to a 9.9% “blocker” such that at no time may it exercise any such warrants if that exercise would increase its beneficial ownership over 9.99% of the then outstanding shares of common stock.  We have not verified that this shareholder has not transferred its Series B or Series C warrants, and this table does not take into account any shares underlying warrants that we deem would make the shareholder’s beneficial ownership of our common stock exceed blockers in warrants held by this shareholder.
 (7)
This figure includes 1,250,000 shares of common stock issued to Iroquois Master Fund Ltd. in January 2015 (we have not verified that this shareholder still holds these shares) and 2,362,646  shares underlying Series B and Series C Warrants.  The Series B and Series C warrants held by this shareholder are subject to a 9.9% “blocker” such that at no time may it exercise any such warrants if that exercise would increase its beneficial ownership over 9.99% of the then outstanding shares of common stock.  We have not verified that this shareholder has not transferred its Series B or Series C warrants, and this table does not take into account any shares underlying warrants that we deem would make the shareholder’s beneficial ownership of our common stock exceed blockers in warrants held by this shareholder.
 
 
27

 

 
There are no arrangements or understanding among the parties set out above or their respective associates or affiliates concerning election of directors or any other matters which may require shareholder approval.
 
A description of the Company’s equity compensation plan is provided in Part II, Item 5 of this Form 10-K and is hereby incorporated by reference into this Item 12.
 
Changes in Control
 
We are unaware of any contract, or other arrangement or provision, the operation of which may at a subsequent date result in a change of control of our Company.
 
ITEM 13.  CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE
 
During the year ended December 31, 2013, the Company entered into transactions with certain officers and directors of the Company as follows:
 
 
(a)
incurred $69,000 (2013 - $330,500) in management and consulting fees and $90,000 (2013 - $168,000) in research and development services paid to officers and directors during the year;

 
(b)
recorded $15,000 (2013 - $46,988) in stock based compensation for the fair value of options granted to management that were granted and or vested during the year;

 
(c)
converted $459,345 (2013 - $nil) of debt due to related parties during the year, which was settled with shares.

 
(d)
Repaid $15,000 (2013 - $nil) in promissory notes to an officer and director of the Company (Note 8).

 
(e)
Borrowed $nil (2013 - $2,200) as a loan from an officer and director of the Company.
 
ITEM 14.  PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES
 
Marcum LLP served as our independent registered public accounting firm and audited our financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014.
 
 
Dale Matheson Carr-Hilton LaBonte LLP served as our independent registered public accounting firm and audited our financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013. Aggregate fees for professional services rendered to us by our auditor are set forth below:
 
   
Year Ended
December 31, 2014
   
Year Ended
December 31, 2013
 
             
Audit Fees
  $ 75,000     $ 60,000  
Audit Related Fees
  $ 50,000     $ 45,500  
Tax Fees
 
Nil
   
Nil
 
All Other Fees
 
Nil
   
Nil
 
    $ 125,000     $ 105,500  
 
Audit Fees
Audit fees are the aggregate fees billed for professional services rendered by our independent auditors for the audit of our annual financial statements, the review of the financial statements included in each of our quarterly reports and services provided in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements.
 
Audit Related Fees
Audit related fees are the aggregate fees billed by our independent auditors for assurance and related services that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of our financial statements and are not described in the preceding category.
 
Tax Fees